Population and transfer factor of basidiomycota collected in the heavy metal-contaminated and healthy soils

중금속 오염지 및 건전지역에서 수집된 담자균류의 분포

  • Jang, Kab-Yeul (Div. of Applied Microbiology, National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA) ;
  • Choi, Sun-Gyu (Forest Mushroom Research Center, National Forestry Cooperatives Federation) ;
  • Lee, Kang-Hyo (Div. of Applied Microbiology, National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA) ;
  • Seok, Soon-Ja (Div. of Applied Microbiology, National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA) ;
  • Cheong, Jong-Chun (Div. of Applied Microbiology, National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA) ;
  • Jung, Gu-Bok (Div. of Environment and Ecology Management, National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA) ;
  • Kim, Gyu-Hyun (Department of Horticultural Bio-Industry, Cheonan Yonam College) ;
  • Sung, Jae-Mo (Department of Agricultural Biology, Kangwon National University)
  • 장갑열 (농촌진흥청 농업과학기술원 응용미생물과) ;
  • 최선규 (산림조합중앙회 산림버섯연구소 시험과) ;
  • 이강효 (농촌진흥청 농업과학기술원 응용미생물과) ;
  • 석순자 (농촌진흥청 농업과학기술원 응용미생물과) ;
  • 정종천 (농촌진흥청 농업과학기술원 응용미생물과) ;
  • 정구복 (농촌진흥청 농업과학기술원 환경생태과) ;
  • 김규현 (천안연암대학 원예과) ;
  • 성재모 (강원대학교 농업생명과학대 생물환경부)
  • Published : 2005.12.31

Abstract

Two hundred seventy-four microorganisms were isolated from the soil of abandoned mines around for selecting the heavy metal-degrading strains and their microbial diversity was analyzed. The specimens of macrofungi were isolated from the soil of abandoned mines around for selecting the heavy metal-degrading strains. Eunseong and Dogok in Gyeongsangbuk-do, for selecting the heavy metal-degrading strains. Soil was also collected from same location. Contents of heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Pb, Zn, Ni, Cr, and As) were determined spectrometically in fruiting bodies of forty eight wild macrofungi specimens with soils. When the analysed their transfer factor from soil to fruiting body, Amanita volvata have the highest transfer factor of cadmium and arsenic. And Mycena pura showed the highest in mercury, Marasmius pulcherripes in zinc, Laccaria laccata in nickel, and Collybia confluens in chrome. When compare the population of mushrooms between the contaminated mines and Mt. Chiak as the healthy area, Genus Russula and Collybia were collected both area, but Leucocoprinus, Coprinus, Suillus, Lepiost, Gyroporus, Lepista, Microstoma, Stropharia, and Agrocybe were only in the contaminated mine area.

Keywords

Transfer Factor;Heavy Metal;Basidiomycota