Evaluation of sodium carboxymethylcellulose for prevention of adhesion in intestinal anastomosis in dogs

  • Jang, Ha-young (College of Veterinary Medicine, Konkuk University) ;
  • Yoon, Hun-young (College of Veterinary Medicine, Konkuk University) ;
  • Kim, Jun-young (College of Veterinary Medicine, Konkuk University) ;
  • Han, Hyun-jung (College of Veterinary Medicine, Konkuk University) ;
  • Lee, Bo-ra (College of Veterinary Medicine, Konkuk University) ;
  • Won, Hye-jung (College of Veterinary Medicine, Konkuk University) ;
  • Jeong, Soon-wuk (College of Veterinary Medicine, Konkuk University)
  • Accepted : 2005.07.28
  • Published : 2005.09.22

Abstract

Adhesions are the most common postoperative complication in intestinal surgery in dogs. This study was aimed at verify to the efficacy of sodium carboxymethylcellulose (SCMC) in the adhesion prevention during healing of intestinal anastomosis. Twenty three healthy dogs were taken with average 4.17 years and weight was 5.68 kg and divided into 4 groups. The dogs of group III and IV, a pedicle of greater omentum was wrapped around the suture line. In the animals of group II and IV, 1% SCMC was infused (5 ml/kg, IP) at just before closure of the abdominal cavity. Two weeks after surgery, animals were reoperated and the adhesions were evaluated and graded. We found various degrees of intraabdominal adhesions in animals of all the groups. The significantly (P<0.05) lower adhesion score was observed in group IV than that of other groups. Nevertheless, varying intra-peritoneal adhesions, healing of anastomotic site was normal in all groups. It could be concluded that intra-peritoneal administration of SCMC solution reduces postoperative adhesions without any adverse effects on healing, and a synergistic beneficial effect can be obtained by supplementation with omental graft for intestinal anastomosis.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : KonKuk University

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