Studies for International Trends in Health Impact Assessment and Linking HIA and EIA

지속성을 위한 보건영향평가의 국제적인 동향 고찰 및 환경영향평가와의 연계방안 연구

  • Kim, Im-Soon (Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Kwangwoon University) ;
  • Kim, Choong-Gon (Dept. of Environmental Engineering Kwangwoon University) ;
  • Kang, Seon-Hong (Dept. of Environmental Engineering Kwangwoon University) ;
  • Han, Sang-Wook (Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Kwangwoon University)
  • 김임순 (광운대학교 환경대학원) ;
  • 김충곤 (광운대학교 환경공학과) ;
  • 강선홍 (광운대학교 환경공학과) ;
  • 한상욱 (광운대학교 환경대학원)
  • Received : 2005.07.07
  • Accepted : 2005.09.21
  • Published : 2005.10.31


In Korea, health-related items under current EIA (Environmental Impact Assessment) system can only be found in the categories of hygiene and public health. However, environment and public health are not adequately connected and also health is underestimated even though health is an important component of environmental assessments. As a result, health is not well integrated within criteria for investigating the impacts on environment. International trends in HIA (Health Impact Assessment) to strengthen the connection between environment and health were investigated in this research. Definitions, functions, circumstances, and merits of HIA in foreign countries were compared. By collecting and analyzing international organizations' and other countries' data related with HIA and EIA, preceding conditions and execution plans were suggested to link EIA and HIA from SEA (Strategic Environmental Assessment) aspects and to successfully accomplish EIA in Korea. According to this research, EHIA (Environmental Health Impact Assessment) can predict and manage the results of economical development only under the principles of inhabitants' participation, sustainability, and social justice. EHIA should be modified and improved towards increasing regional and national capabilities. For this, preparation of adequate procedure is required to connect EIA and HIA.


Supported by : 광운전략환경평가연구소


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