Studies for International Trends in Health Impact Assessment and Linking HIA and EIA

지속성을 위한 보건영향평가의 국제적인 동향 고찰 및 환경영향평가와의 연계방안 연구

  • Kim, Im-Soon (Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Kwangwoon University) ;
  • Kim, Choong-Gon (Dept. of Environmental Engineering Kwangwoon University) ;
  • Kang, Seon-Hong (Dept. of Environmental Engineering Kwangwoon University) ;
  • Han, Sang-Wook (Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Kwangwoon University)
  • 김임순 (광운대학교 환경대학원) ;
  • 김충곤 (광운대학교 환경공학과) ;
  • 강선홍 (광운대학교 환경공학과) ;
  • 한상욱 (광운대학교 환경대학원)
  • Received : 2005.07.07
  • Accepted : 2005.09.21
  • Published : 2005.10.31

Abstract

In Korea, health-related items under current EIA (Environmental Impact Assessment) system can only be found in the categories of hygiene and public health. However, environment and public health are not adequately connected and also health is underestimated even though health is an important component of environmental assessments. As a result, health is not well integrated within criteria for investigating the impacts on environment. International trends in HIA (Health Impact Assessment) to strengthen the connection between environment and health were investigated in this research. Definitions, functions, circumstances, and merits of HIA in foreign countries were compared. By collecting and analyzing international organizations' and other countries' data related with HIA and EIA, preceding conditions and execution plans were suggested to link EIA and HIA from SEA (Strategic Environmental Assessment) aspects and to successfully accomplish EIA in Korea. According to this research, EHIA (Environmental Health Impact Assessment) can predict and manage the results of economical development only under the principles of inhabitants' participation, sustainability, and social justice. EHIA should be modified and improved towards increasing regional and national capabilities. For this, preparation of adequate procedure is required to connect EIA and HIA.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 광운전략환경평가연구소

References

  1. 김윤신, 2003, 한국의 보건지표체계 개선에 관한 연구, 보건복지부, 53-76
  2. 김임순 외, 2003, 최신환경영향평가 이론과 실제, 동화기술, 서울, 465-467
  3. 김임순 외, 2004, 보건영향평가 제도도입을 통한 보건과 환경의 통합적 접근방안 연구, 대한위생학회, 19(4), 34-47
  4. 김임순, 2004, 지속성 구현을 위한 환경보건영향평가의 도입방안, 광운전략환경연구소 현판기념자료집, 13-37
  5. Anna Hansell and Paul Aylin, 2003, Use of Health Data in Health Impact Assessment, IAIA, 21(1), 57-64
  6. BMA, 1998, Board of Science and Education, Health and Environmental Impact Assessment, London: Earthscan
  7. Health Canada, 1999, The Canadian Handbook on Health Impact Assessment
  8. Health Canada, 2004a, Canadian Handbook on Health Impact Assessment: Volume 1: The Basics
  9. Health Canada, 2004b, Canadian Handbook on Health Impact Assessment: Volume 2: Approaches and Decison-making
  10. Health Canada, 2004c, Canadian Handbook on Health Impact Assessment: Volume 3: The Multidisciplinary Team
  11. Health Canada, 2004d, Canadian Handbook on Health Impact Assessment: Volume 4: Health Impacts by Industry Sector
  12. Health London, 2004, Health London Review of the London Health Strategy high level indicators
  13. IAIA, 2002, The Linkages Between Impact Assessment and the Sustainable Development Agenda, and Recommendations for Actions, 1-12
  14. IAIA, 2003, International Principles for Social Impact Assessment, Special
  15. Giroult, E. 1988, WHO Interest in Environmental Health Impact Assessment. In: Environmental Impact Assessment; Theory and Practice(ed. P. Wathern) Unwin Hyman. London, UK
  16. Last, J. 1987, Public Health and Human Ecology. Appleton and Lange. East Norwalk
  17. Sadler Barry etal, 1997, Institute of Environmental Assessment, Environmental Assessment and Human Health: Perspectives, Approaches and Future Directions, A Background Report for the Effectiveness of Environmental Assessment, 3-51
  18. Slooff, R., 1995, Commonwealth Secretariat Expert Group Meeting on Health Assessment As Part of Environmental Assessment, Aberdeen, Scotland 1-3 February 1995. Available from the Common wealth Secretariat. London, England
  19. UNECE, 1991, Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context, 1-19
  20. UNECE, 1998, Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-Making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters
  21. UNECE, 2003, Protocol on Strategic Environmental Assessment (Kiev, 2003), 1-14
  22. United Nations, 1987, Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development United Nations General Assembly A/42/427
  23. United Nations, 2002, Report of the World Summit on Sustainable Development, Johannesburg, South Africa, 1-167
  24. WEHAB Working Group, 2002a, A Framework for Action on Agriculture, 5-36
  25. WEHAB Working Group, 2002b, A Framework for Action on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Management. 5-31
  26. WEHAB Working Group, 2002c, A Framework for Action on Energy, 5-36
  27. WEHAB Working Group, 2002d, A Framework for Action on Health and the Environment. 5-35
  28. WEHAB Working Group, 2002e, A Framework for Action on Water and Sanitation. 7-40
  29. WHO, 1948, World Health Organization, Official Records of the World Heath Organization(World Health Organization Geneva)
  30. WHO, 1985, World Health Organization, Environmental Health Impact Assessment of Urban Development Projects, Copenhagen, Denmark
  31. WHO, 1987, 'Heath and Safety Component of Environmental Impact Assessment'. Environmental Health Series No.15
  32. WHO, 1999, Health Impact Assessment: Main Concepts and Suggested Approach. Gothenburg Consensus Paper
  33. WHO EUROPE, 2001, Health Impact Assessment as Part of Strategic Environmental Assessment, 1-30
  34. World Health Assembly, 1977, Resolution WHA, 30, 43