Experimental Study on the Interval of Emergency Exits in Long Traffic Tunnels

장대 교통터널의 피난연락갱 설치 간격에 관한 실험적 연구

  • 유용호 (인하대학교 환경토목공학부) ;
  • 윤성욱 (LG건설 연구개발팀) ;
  • 김진 (인하대학교 공과대학 환경토목공학부) ;
  • 윤찬훈 (인하대학교 환경토목공학부)
  • Published : 2005.02.01


The objective of this study was to analyze the smoke movement for the case of fire and to determine the interval between emergency exits in long tunnels. Based on Froude modeling, the 1/50 scaled model tunnel (20 m long) was constructed by acrylic tubes and tests were carried out systematically. From the strong relationship between CO propagation time and distance through the tunnel, it was found that the optimal escaping time was 6 minutes in case of 20MW fire. But, regarding passengers' psychological state under fire, another one minute of delay time should be considered. Therefore, the total escaping time should be estimated by 5 minutes. The interval between the emergency exits for vehicle passengers was calculated by 250 m with respect to the 5 minute of escaping time.


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