The Removal of Organic Dye Waste using Natural Clay Minerals

천연산 점토광물을 이용한 폐-유기 염료 제거

  • Published : 2006.08.20


red 1 and acid blue 92, anionic dyes, were removed from synthetic wastewater by the surfactant-modified clay minerals. Two different clays, such as Korean clay(M78) and Japanese clay(KJ) were treated with three different sulfactants, CTMA, DSDMA and TMSA. The surfactant-modified clay minerals such as M-1(CTMA), M-3(TMSA), KJ-1(CTMA) and KJ-3(TMSA), showed high removal efficiencies with dyes, while M-2(DSDMA) and KJ-2(DSDMA) could adsorb both dyes with relatively low efficiencies. Furthermore, almost 100% absorption of both dyes onto M-1(CTMA) and KJ-3(TMSA) revealed the possibility that these materials can be used for the removal of hazardous organic dyes from wastewater.


Surfactants;Clays;Removal of Dyes


  1. Jordan, J. W., Organophilic bentonites. Swelling in organic liquids, J. Phys. Colloid Chem., 1949, 53(2), 294-306
  2. Snoeyink, V. L., Weber, W. J. and Maj, H. B., Sorption of phenol and nitrophenol by active carbon, Environ. Sci. and Eng., 1969, 3, 918-926
  3. Knettig, E., Thomson, B. M., Hrudey, S. E., Competitve activate carbon adsorption of phenolic compounds, Environ. Pollute. Ser. B, 1986, 12, 281-299
  4. Evans, J. C. and Pancoski, S. E., January 22-26, Organically modified clays, Paper No. 880587, Transportation Research Board, 68th Annual Meeting, Washinton, D.C. 1989
  5. Smith, J. A. and Gaian, A., Sorption of nonionic organic contaminants to single and dual organic cation bentonites from water, Environ. Sci. Technol., 1995, 29, 685-692
  6. Lagaly, G. A. and Weiss, A., Neue Methoden zur Characterizierung und Identifizierung queiiungsfahiger Dreischichttonminerale, Z. Pflanzenernahrung u. Bodenkunde, 1971, 130, 1
  7. Lee, J. F., Mortland, M. M. and Boyd, S. A., Shapeselective adsorption of aromatic molecules from water by tetramethlyammonium-smectite, J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans., 1989, 85(9), 2953-2962
  8. Lee, J. F., Crum, J. R. and Boyd, S. A., Enhanced retention of organic contaminants by soil exchanged with organic cations, Environ. Sci. Technol., 1989, 23, 1365-1372
  9. Jeon, Y. W., Curtis, C. W. and Kiggun, B. M., An investigation of the effect of antistripping agents on silica adsorption of asphalt functionalities, Fuel Sci. Tech. Int., 1990, 8(3), 241-270
  10. Beall, G. W., March 17, Method of immobilizing organic contaminants to form non-flowable matrix thereform, U. S. Patent Number 4,650,590. 1987
  11. Beall, G. W., October 29, Method of removing organic contaminants from aqueous compositions, U. S. Patent Number 4,549966. 1985
  12. Smith, J. A., Jaffe, P. R. and Chiou, C. T., Effects of ten quaternary ammonuim cation on tetrachlorometane sorption to clay from water, Environ. Sci. Technol., 1990, 24, 1167-1172
  13. Holsen, T. M., Taylor, E. R., Seo, Y. C. and Anderson., P. R., Removal of organic chemicals from aqueous solutions with surfactant-coated ferrihydrite, Environ. Sci. Technol., 1991, 25, 1585-1589
  14. Zhang, Z. Z., Sparks, D. L., Scrivner, N. C., Sorption and desorption of quarternary amine cations on clays, Environ. Sci. Technol., 1993, 27, 1625-1631
  15. 김영석, 유기물로 개조된 몬모릴로나이트를 이용한 페놀류의 흡착, 경북대학교 석사학위논문. 1996
  16. Brownawell, B. J., Chan, H., Collier, J. M. and Westal, J. C., Adsorption of organic cations to natural materials, Enveron. Sci. Technol., 1990, 24, 1234-1241
  17. Keeran, R. S. and Fogler, H. S., Use of inorgano-organoclays in the removal of periority pollutants from industrial wastewater; structural aspects, Clays and Clay Mineral, 1990, 38, 277-286
  18. Boyd, S. A., Lee, J. F. and Mortland, M. M., Attenuating organic contaminant mobility by soil modification, Nature, 1988, 333, 345-347
  19. 김학성, 정영도, 주득종, 양이온성 계면활성제가 코팅된 점토에 의한 난용성유기물 제거, J. Korea Ind. & Eng. Chem., 1995, 6, 458-463
  20. Cadena F., Use of tailored bentonite for selective removal of organic pollutants, J. Enveron, Eng., 1989, 155, 756-767