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Effects of Sulfur Substitution on Chemical Bonding Nature and Electrochemical Performance of Layered LiMn0.9Cr0.1O2-xSx

  • Lim, Seung-Tae (Center for Intelligent Nano-Bio Materials (CINBM), Division of Nano Sciences and Department of Chemistry Ewha Womans University) ;
  • Park, Dae-Hoon (Center for Intelligent Nano-Bio Materials (CINBM), Division of Nano Sciences and Department of Chemistry Ewha Womans University) ;
  • Lee, Sun-Hee (Center for Intelligent Nano-Bio Materials (CINBM), Division of Nano Sciences and Department of Chemistry Ewha Womans University) ;
  • Hwang, Seong-Ju (Center for Intelligent Nano-Bio Materials (CINBM), Division of Nano Sciences and Department of Chemistry Ewha Womans University) ;
  • Yoon, Young-Soo (Department of Advanced Technology Fusion, Konkuk University) ;
  • Kang, Seong-Gu (Department of Chemical Engineering, Hoseo University)
  • Published : 2006.09.20

Abstract

Sulfur-substituted $LiMn_{0.9}Cr_{0.1}O_{2-x}S_x$ $(0\;\leq\;x\;\leq\;0.1)$ layered oxides have been prepared by solid state reaction under inert atmosphere. From powder X-ray diffraction analyses, all the present lithium manganates were found to be crystallized with monoclinic-layered structure. Electrochemical measurements clearly demonstrated that, in comparison with the pristine $LiMn_{0.9}Cr_{0.1}O_2$, the sulfur-substituted derivatives exhibit smaller discharge capacities for the entire cycle range but the recovery of discharge capacity after the initial several cycles becomes faster upon sulfur substitution. The effect of the sulfur substitution on the chemical bonding nature of $LiMn_{0.9}Cr_{0.1}O_{2-x}S_x$has been investigated using X-ray absorption spectroscopic (XAS) analyses at Mn and Cr K-edges. According to Mn K-edge XAS results, the trivalent oxidation state of manganese ion remains unchanged before and after the substitution whereas the local structure around manganese ions becomes more distorted with increasing the substitution rate of sulfur. On the other hand, the replacement of oxygen with sulfur has negligible influence on the local atomic arrangement around chromium ions, which is surely due to the high octahedral stabilization energy of $Cr^{+III} $ ions. Based on the present experimental findings, we have suggested that the decrease of discharge capacity upon sulfur substitution is ascribable to the enhanced structural distortion of $MnO_6$ octahedra and/or to the formation of covalent Li-S bonds, and the accompanying improvement of cyclability would be related to the depression of Mn migration and/or to the pillaring effect of larger sulfur anion.

Keywords

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