Studies on the Electrofusion Applied to the Yeast to Produce High Quantity of Organic Germanium

전기융합법을 이용한 게르마늄 강화 효모의 균주개발

  • Published : 2006.10.01

Abstract

Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Zygosaccharomyces rouxii were electrofused and fermented in germaniumfortified nutrients to produce high-yield, organic germanium. The conditions for the preparation of protoplasts from both strains and for electrofusion were studied. The protoplasts of both cells formed long pearl chains and the cell membranes were lysed and fused through cellulase and high frequency voltage $(450{\sim}750V/128{\sim}512\;{\mu}sec)$. The fusants with the fastest growth were selected, and then characterized for their carbohydrate usage and tolerance to glucose and salts. The glucose tolerance of the fusants was better than that of S. cerevisiae and similar to that of Z. rouxii. The fusants appeared to have resistance to 12% NaCl. The cell size of the fusants was greater than that of the parental strains. The fusant cells contained more gemlanium than the parental cells did. The electrofusion of S. cerevisiae and Z. rouxii increased the cell capacity and accumulation of germanium in the yeasts. This method was proved to be effective to produce a high quantity of organic germanium.

Keywords

electrofusion;Saccharomyces cerevisiae;Zygosaccharomyces rouxii;organic germanium

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