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Cytotoxic Effect of Extracts from Styela clava against Human Cancer Cell Lines

암세포주에 대한 미더덕 추출물의 세포독성 효과

  • Jung, Eun-Sil (Dept. of Food Science and Biotechnology, Kyungnam University) ;
  • Kim, Ju-Young (Dept. of Food Science and Biotechnology, Kyungnam University) ;
  • Park, Eun-Ju (Dept. of Food and Nutritional Sciences, Kyungnam University) ;
  • Park, Hae-Ryong (Dept. of Food Science and Biotechnology, Kyungnam University) ;
  • Lee, Seung-Cheol (Dept. of Food Science and Biotechnology, Kyungnam University)
  • 정은실 (경남대학교 식품생명학과) ;
  • 김주영 (경남대학교 식품생명학과) ;
  • 박은주 (경남대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 박해룡 (경남대학교 식품생명학과) ;
  • 이승철 (경남대학교 식품생명학과)
  • Published : 2006.08.30

Abstract

The present study describes the preliminary evaluation of the cytotoxic effect from Styela clava (Korean name : miduduk) extracts. S. clava was treated with methanol, ethanol, acetone, and water, then cytotoxic effect of the extracts were evaluated by the MTT reduction assay. The ethanol extracts from S. clava showed the cytotoxic activity on the HT-29 human colon cancer cells. The ethanol extracts was further fractionated with n-hexane, diethyl ether, ethyl acetate, and water according to the degree of polarity. The diethyl ether fraction showed high cytotoxic activity of HT-29 cells. however, the other fractions showed low cytotoxicity. The diethyl ether layer also showed the cytotoxic activity against SW620, HeLa, and MCF-7 cells. These studies support that extracts from S. clava may be a potential candidate as a possible chemotherapeutic agent against human cancer cells.

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