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A Preliminary Study on Nutrition Education for Preschool Children in Day-Care Center - Dietary Habit and Nutrition Knowledge -

어린이집 아동의 영양교육을 위한 사전조사 연구 - 식습관과 영양지식을 중심으로 -

  • Kim, Hye-Kyung (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, University of Ulsan) ;
  • Kim, Jin-Hee (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, University of Ulsan)
  • 김혜경 (울산대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 김진희 (울산대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 2006.08.30

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the current dietary habits, health related behaviors, nutrition knowledge and body indices, and to investigate the changes in nutrition knowledge for designing and monitoring nutrition education program among preschool children. The subjects were 1,200 preschool children, aged $4{\sim}6$ years. A measurement of the height and weight was conducted. The general home environment, the dietary habit of children and nutrition knowledge were collected using a questionnaire that included information about family income, parent's education and occupations. Using the PIBW, 14.6% of the preschool children were under weight, 54.4% were normal, and 31.0% were overweight or obese. We regarded to food habit score, the highest score was in the regularity of breakfast, while the lowest score was in consumption of yellow-green vegetables such as spinach and carrots. Result in food behavior showed that 69.1% of preschool children had a unbalanced diet, and their favorite snack was fast food like pizza and hamburger then followed soft drink and fried foods (chicken of potato). After nutrition education, there was somewhat improvement in the nutrition knowledge score of preschool children from $7.7{\pm}1.7$ point to $8.9{\pm}1.5$ point. These results suggest that nutrition education help preschool children change their nutrition knowledge. Therefore, it would be needed that new appropriate nutrition education to improve dietary habits and health status.

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