Analysis of Enantiomeric Composition of Chiral Flavor Components from Dried Ginger (Zingiber afficinale Roscoe)

건생강에 함유된 키랄성 향기성분의 이성질체 조성 분석

  • Published : 2006.08.30


The volatile compounds of Zingiber officinale Roscoe were extracted by simultaneous steam distillation and extraction (SDE) method and identified with gas chromatigraphy/mass spectrometer (GC/MS) analysis. Enantiomeric compositions of chiral compounds were determined by multidimensional gas chromatography/mass spectrometer (MDGC/MS). A total of 57 compounds were indentified and quantified, including zingiberene, ${\beta}-sesquiphellandrene$, ${\beta}-bisabolene$, $(E,E)-{\alpha}-farnesene$ and ${\alpha}-curcumene$. Among them, zingiberene (38.41%) was founds as the predominantly abundant component. ${\alpha}-Pinene$ and nerolidol in dried ginger were detected by high enantiomeric purity (>96%) for (S)-form, and ${\beta}-pinene$ was detected only (R)-form. The enantiomeric composition of ${\alpha}-terpineol$ revealed 72.0% for (R)-form, and linalool and 4-terpineol showed mixtures of both enantiomers. (S)-Enantiomer was the major enantiomer of limonene having enatiomeric excess of 17.2%. Hence the enantiomeric composition of these compounds can be used as parameter for authenticty control of Zingiber officinale.


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