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쌀겨 추출물의 항암효과(in vitro) 및 항알레르기 효과

Anticancer (in vitro) and Antiallergy Effects of Rice Bran Extracts

  • 최현임 (성덕대학 작업치료과) ;
  • 예은주 ((재)경북테크노파크 대구한의대학교 한방생명자원특화센터 효능검증원) ;
  • 김수정 ((재)경북테크노파크 대구한의대학교 한방생명자원특화센터 효능검증원) ;
  • 배만종 (대구한의대학교 한방식품약리학과) ;
  • 이성태 (순천대학교 생물학과) ;
  • 박정은 (순천대학교 생물학과) ;
  • 박은미 ((재)경북테크노파크 대구한의대학교 한방생명자원특화센터 효능검증원)
  • Choi, Hyun-Im (Dept. of Occupational therapy, Sungduk college) ;
  • Ye, Eun-Ju (Efficacy and Safety Research Center for Traditional Oriental Medicine, Daegu Hanny University, Kyongbuk Technopark) ;
  • Kim, Soo-Jung (Efficacy and Safety Research Center for Traditional Oriental Medicine, Daegu Hanny University, Kyongbuk Technopark) ;
  • Bae, Man-Jong (Dept. of Herbal foodceutical Science, Daegu Haany University) ;
  • Yee, Sung-Tae (Dept. of Biology, Sunchon National University) ;
  • Park, Eun-Jung (Dept. of Biology, Sunchon National University) ;
  • Park, Eun-Mi (Efficacy and Safety Research Center for Traditional Oriental Medicine, Daegu Hanny University, Kyongbuk Technopark)
  • 발행 : 2006.12.29

초록

본 연구는 쌀겨의 사람유래 암세포 증식 억제효과(in vitro)와 사람유래 비만세포주(HMC-1)의 활성 억제효과 및 흰쥐 복강 비만세포로부터 히스타민 분비에 미치는 영향을 관찰하였다. Hep3B와 HeLa 세포에 대한 형태변화는 쌀겨의 물 추출물과 60% 에탄을 추출물 처리군 모두 농도에 비례하여 암세포의 밀도가 감소하는 경향을 보였고, 시료를 고농도로 처리할수록 사멸세포 형태인 원형의 세포 수가 증가하였다. Hep3B 세포에 대한 증식 억제능은 쌀겨 물 추출물이 60% 에탄을 추출물보다 높았고, $100{\mu}g/mL$$1,000{\mu}g/mL$ 농도에서 물 추출물이 60% 에탄을 추출물보다 각각 20%, 55% 더 높은 효과가 있었다. HeLa세포에 대한 증식 억제능은 쌀겨 물 추출물과 60% 에탄을 추출물에서 비슷한 경향을 보였으나 $1,000{\mu}g/mL$$3,000{\mu}g/mL$ 농도에서 물 추출물이 60% 에탄을 추출물보다 각각 5%, 27% 더 높았다. 사람의 비만세포주(HMC-1)에서 $Fc{\varepsilon}RI$, tryptase, c-kit mRNA 발현양에 미치는 효과를 관찰한 결과 GAPDH의 발현양은 대조군과 시료를 처리한 실험군에서 모두 비슷하게 나타났다. 비만세포의 $Fc{\varepsilon}RI$ mRNA와 c-kit의 mRNA 발현양은 쌀겨 물 추출물군보다 60% 에탄올 추출물에서 더 많이 억제되는 것으로 나타났으나 tryptase mRNA 발현양은 억제하지 못한 것으로 관찰되었다. 비만세포의 히스타민 분비에 미치는 영향은 무처리 대조군에 비해 $5{\mu}g/mL$ compound 48/80을 처리하였을 때 히스타민 분비량이 유의하게 증가하였으며, 쌀겨 물 추출물 $0.01{\mu}g/mL$에서 약 87%의 억제율을 나타내었고, 에탄을 추출물 $100{\mu}g/mL$에서 약 86%의 억제율을 보였다.

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