Identification of English Labial Consonants by Korean EFL Learners

한국 EFL 학생들의 영어 순자음 인지

  • Cho, Mi-Hui
  • 초미희 (경기대학교 영어영문학부)
  • Published : 2006.12.28

Abstract

The perception of English labial consonants was investigated via experiment where 40 Korean EFL learners identified nonwords with the target labial consonants [p, b, f, v] in 4 different prosodic locations: initial onset position, intervocalic position before stress, intervocalic position after stress, and final coda position. The overall result showed that the proportion of perception accuracy of the target consonants was rather low, amounting to only 55%. There was also a positional effect since the accuracy rates for perceiving the four target consonants differed by position. Specifically, the average accuracy rate of the target consonant identification was higher in intervocalic position before stress (70%) and initial onset position (67%) than in intervocalic position after stress (45%) and final coda position (36%). Further, the accuracy rate for [f] is was high in all prosodic locations except intervocalic position after stress. The perception patterns were accounted for by the markedness and perceptual factors in conjunction with stress location.

Keywords

Markedness Theory;English Labial Consonants;Perception(Identification) Test;Fricatives;Stops;Voiceless Consonant;Voiced Consonants;Prosodic Position;Initial Onset Position;Final Coda Position