Effects of Compost Amendment on Petroleum Hydrocarbon Removal and ATP Concentration in Bioremediation of Diesel Contaminated Soil

디젤오염토앙의 생물학적 복원에 있어서 유기질비료의 첨가가 석유계 탄화수소의 분해 및 ATP 변화에 미치는 영향

  • Lee, Joo-Heon (Division of Architecture, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Taegu University) ;
  • Jun, Kwan-Soo (School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Yeungnam University)
  • 이주헌 (대구대학교 건설환경공학부) ;
  • 전관수 (영남대학교 건설환경공학부)
  • Published : 2006.07.31

Abstract

The effects of compost amendment on the removal of petroleum hydrocarbons and the activities of microorganisms in soil ecosystem have been studied in bioremediation of diesel contaminated soil. The relation between biological activities and removal of petroleun hydrocarbon was determined by ATP(Adenisine Triphosphate), n-alkanes and TPH concentration analysis. After 80 days of bioremediation, the removal of TPH in soil amended with compost increased more than 10% compared with control soil which was tilled in the same condition without compost addition. The biodegradations of n-alkanes having 12 to 20 moles of carbon were distinctive. As the soil was contaminated with more diesel, the ATP has decreased rapidly. When the TPH amounted to 80,000 mg diesel/kg, the ATP decreased to 4 ng/g from initial concentration of 65 ng/g. While the ATP in the compost amended soil increased to 112 ng/g after tilling for 6 days, the ATP in the control increased to merely 36 ng/g after tilling for 14 days. Also while the control soil showed a lag time in ATP increase, the compost amended soil did not show that but showed a rapid ATP increase within a short time. The patterns of changes in ATP concentration were similar to those in daily removals of TPH with time difference of about 7 days.

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