Analysis of malachite green and leuco-malachite green in sea food

수산식품 중 말라카이트그린 및 류코말라카이트그린의 분석

  • Received : 2005.01.06
  • Accepted : 2006.02.13
  • Published : 2006.04.27


To determine malachite green and leuco-malachite green residues in sea food, a liquid chromatographic method has been optimized. The target compounds were extracted in the homogenized edible tissues with a mixture of McIlvaine buffer-acetonitrile and partitioned against dichloromethane. After concentrating the lower layer, the resulting residues were re-dissolved in methanol and analyzed by the HPLC with visible detector at 620 nm using acetonitrile-acetate buffer. For the analysis of leuco-malachite green with malachite green simultaneously, post-column packed with lead(IV) oxide was used for oxidizing leuco-malachite green to malachite green. The correlation coefficients($r^2$) was 0.9989 for malachite green, and 0.9995 for leuco-malachite green. The limit of detection was 0.005 mg/kg for the combined of malachite green and leuco-malachite green at signal/noise${\geq}3$. The recovery rate was within a reliable range of 84~98% (CV 3~16%). Leuco-malachite green were detected in carp and crusian carp.


malachite green;leuco-malachite green;sea food;HPLC


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