Effects of Packaging Treatment on Quality of Fresh-cut Mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus Sing.) during Storage

신선편이가공 양송이의 포장방법에 따른 품질변화

  • Published : 2006.02.01

Abstract

The effects of packaging material and method on quality of fresh-cut mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus Sing.) were investigated in terms of weight loss, surface color, phenolics, vitamin C and sensory characteristics during storage at $5^{\circ}C$. The fresh-cut mushrooms were subjected to passive, gas exchange and vacuum packaging conditions at st. Polyethylene film (PE), polypropylene film (PP), anti-fogging film (AP) and pen orated film (PF) were used for the passive packaging. The mixed gas of $5\% CO_2/\;2\%O_2$ (MA1) and $10\%CO_2/\;2\%O_2$(MA2) were applied for the gas exchange packaging. The respiration rate of sliced mushroom was 1.27 times higher than intact mushroom at $5^{\circ}C$. Gas concentrations in the passive packaging were $1-2\%\;O^2\;and\;5-16\%m$ during storage of sliced mushrooms for 14 days at $5^{\circ}C$, and levels of the gases were different by the films used The mushroom in perforated film (PF) showed the highest weight loss of $4.56\%$. Anti-fogging film (AF) was somewhat effective for prevention of the weight loss compared with other films after 14 days storage. The mushrooms in MA1 and MA2 packages showed lower delta L value than in other films. PE packaging mitigated decrease of free and bound phenolics during storage. The mushrooms in MA2 kept better quality in sensory aspect, and then in MA1, PE and PP in order during storage at $5^{\circ}C$.

Keywords

packaging;fresh-cut;mushroom;quality attributes

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