Approximation Method for the Calculation of Stress Intensity Factors for the Semi-elliptical Surface Flaws on Thin-Walled Cylinder

  • Jang Chang-Heui (Department of Nuclear and Quantum Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology)
  • Published : 2006.03.01

Abstract

A simple approximation method for the stress intensity factor at the tip of the axial semielliptical cracks on the cylindrical vessel is developed. The approximation methods, incorporated in VINTIN (Vessel INTegrity analysis-INner flaws), utilizes the influence coefficients to calculate the stress intensity factor at the crack tip. This method has been compared with other solution methods including 3-D finite element analysis for internal pressure, cooldown, and pressurized thermal shock loading conditions. For these, 3-D finite-element analyses are performed to obtain the stress intensity factors for various surface cracks with t/R=0.1. The approximation solutions are within $\pm2.5%$ of the those of finite element analysis using symmetric model of one-forth of a vessel under pressure loading, and 1-3% higher under pressurized thermal shock condition. The analysis results confirm that the approximation method provides sufficiently accurate stress intensity factor values for the axial semi-elliptical flaws on the surface of the reactor pressure vessel.

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