Fucoidan Extract from Laminaria religiosa Suppresses Ischemia-induced Apoptosis and Cell Proliferation in the Hippocampus of Gerbils

  • Lee, Jong-Jin (Department of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine College of Oriental Medicine, Kyungwon University) ;
  • Song, Yun-Kyung (Department of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine College of Oriental Medicine, Kyungwon University) ;
  • Lim, Hyung-Ho (Department of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine College of Oriental Medicine, Kyungwon University)
  • Published : 2006.12.30

Abstract

Fucoidan has been shown to exhibit a host of biological activities, including anti-coagulant, anti-thrombotic, anti-tumourigenic, anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, anti-complementary and neuroprotective effects. In the present study, we attempted to determine the effects of Fucoidan on both apoptosis and cell proliferation in the hippocampal CA1 region and the dentate gyrus of gerbils after the induction of transient global ischemia. This experiment involved the use of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay as well as immunohistochemisty for caspase-3 and 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU). The monosaccharide composition of the purified Fucoidan which had been extracted from Laminaria religiosa was utilized in this study. The present study clearly induces that apoptotic cell death and cell proliferation in the gerbil's hippocampal regions increased significantly following the induction of transient global ischemia and the results of this study also indicate that Fucoidan exerted a suppressive effect on this observed ischemia-induced increase in apoptosis within the CA1 and dentate gyrus, and also suppressed cell proliferation in the dentate gyrus.