Cluster Reduction by Korean EFL Students: Insertion vs. Deletion Strategies

한국 EFL 학생들의 자음군 축약: 삽입 대 탈락 전략

  • 초미희 (경기대학교 영어영문학부)
  • Published : 2006.01.01


Motivated by the fact that cluster reduction strategies such as inserting a vowel or deleting a consonant in resolving English complex clusters differ depending on studies, this paper investigates the repair strategies employed by Korean EFL students. A total of 60 college students participated in the present study and the participants' production of English voiceless word-initial and word-final clusters was measured using the materials designed for this study. It has been shown that prosodic positions such as onset and coda and the number of cluster sequences influenced cluster reduction strategies. The error rates of both insertion and deletion were noticeably higher in the coda position than in the onset position and both insertion and deletion error rates were higher in triconsonatal cluster than in biconsonantal cluster sequences. Overall, the insertion rate was higher than the deletion rate. However, the deletion rate was significantly higher than the insertion rate in triconsonantal coda cluster sequences. Because of this, the deletion rate was higher than the insertion rate for triconsonantal cluster sequences across onset and coda. Also, the high deletion rate of triconsonantal coda clusters contributed to the high deletion rate for the coda clusters in general.


Consonant Clusters;Cluster Reduction;Vowel Insertion;Consonant Deletion;EFL;Students;Onset;Coda;Biconsonantal Clusters;Triconsonantal Clusters