Correlation of Dietary and Serum Phospholipid Fatty Acid Composition and Serum Lipid Levels in Postmenopausal Women

폐경기 여성의 식이 지방산 및 혈청 인지질의 지방산 조성과 혈청 지질 농도의 관계

  • Jung, Kyung-Ah (Dept. of Practical Arts Education, Chuncheon National University of Education) ;
  • Kim, Sang-Yeon (Dept. of Food & Nutrition, Hanyang Woman's College)
  • 정경아 (춘천교육대학교 실과교육과) ;
  • 김상연 (한양여자대학 식품영양과)
  • Published : 2006.07.30

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation of dietary and serum phospholipid fatty acids composition and serum lipid levels in postmenopausal women. Data about anthropometry, dietary intake, physical activities, serum lipid profile and serum phospholipid fatty acid composition were collected from eighty-five postmenopausal women. The subjects were classified as normocholesterolemia (NC), moderate hypercholesterolemia(MC) and phyperchollesterolemia(HC) according to their serum total cholesterol (TC) levels based on The Guideline for Korean Hyperlipidemia set/published by The Committee for Hyperlipidemia in Korea. The results were as follows. Total energy intake and the ratio of energy intake to energy expenditure were positively related, while dietary fiber intake was negatively related, with serum TC level. Dietary fat intake was positively related with serum LDL-C level. Dietary cholesterol, saturated fatty acid (SFA), monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) intake and the ratio of ingested saturated fat and cholesterol to calories (RISCC) were positively related, while the P/S ratio of dietary fat was negatively related, with serum TC and LDL-C levels. Serum phospholipid fatty acids composition was not significantly different among the three groups. SFA of serum phospholipid fatty acids was positively related, while P/S and M/S ratios of serum phospholipid fatiy acids were negatively correlated, with serum TC and LDL-C levels. We recommend that the dietary P/S ratio of postmenopausal women is increased by reducing their dietary SFA intake. With these changes in the diet, serum phospholipid fatty acid composition could be also changed, and serum lipids levels could be improved.

Keywords

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