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A Comparative Analysis of Mental Status, Dietary Life and Nutritional Status among Senior Citizens With or Without Leisure Activities in Urban Area

수도권 거주 노인들의 여가활동 유무에 따른 정신건강 수준, 식생활 실태 및 영양상태 비교 분석

  • Kim, Yun-Hye (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Ha, Tae-Youl (Food Function Research Division, Korea Food Research Institute) ;
  • Lee, Bog-Hieu (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, Chung-Ang University)
  • 김윤혜 (중앙대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 하태열 (한국식품연구원 식품기능연구본부) ;
  • 이복희 (중앙대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 2006.04.01

Abstract

The study aims to examine that regular leisure activity of the elderly has a beneficial effect to enhance their health condition. The elderly subjects of 164 (82 of elderly who do leisure and 82 of elderly who do not leisure) aged over 60 years in Suwon area were employed. Survey questionnaires were administered to investigate general characteristics, life style, mental status, dietary life and nutritional status. From the findings, the elderly who do leisure were highly educated, better in living status and higher employment rate. The mental status of the elderly without leisure activity was very much inferior to that of the elderly with leisure activity, representing higher prevalence rate of depression. Furthermore, the elderly who do not leisure showed higher drinking and smoking rates, irregular eating habits, poor teeth condition and chewing style as well as having eating obstacles. Mean caloric intake of both the elderly was also lower than that of RDA. The elderly who do not leisure have shown lower intakes in most of essential nutrients in contrast to the elderly who do leisure. In conclusion, the elderly with regular leisure activity seemed to have better life style and mental status, dietary life and nutritional status. Therefore, it is critically important to establish the health program combined with various leisure activity for the seniors to promote and energize the later years of life.

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