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Effects of Web-Based Nutrition Counseling on Dietary Behavior and Food Intake of Type II Diabetic Patients

제2형 당뇨병 환자의 식품섭취 및 식행동에 대한 웹기반 영양상담의 효과

  • Park, Sun-Young (Dept. of Food Science and Nutrition, Pusan National University) ;
  • Han, Ji-Sook (Dept. of Food Science and Nutrition, Pusan National University)
  • 박선영 (부산대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 한지숙 (부산대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 2006.04.01

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate effects of web-based nutrition counseling on food intake and dietary behavior of type II diabetic patients. Forty type II diabetic patients, twenty -one of them were diabetic patients without complication (Ncx -DM) and nineteen of them were diabetic patients with complication (Cx-DM), participated in a web-based nutrition counseling program. At the first nutrition counseling, the patients were counselled through interview and then follow up nutrition counseling was accomplished four times during eight weeks through the web-based internet program. The web-based nutrition counseling program was consisted of diet management, nutrition counseling, nutritional assessment and follow-up management pro-gram The diet therapy knowledge score increased significantly (p<0.001) in both groups after the nutrition counseling. The dietary behavior score also increased significantly (p<0.001). For food frequency, vegetable (p<0.01), fish & shellfish (p<0.01) and seaweed (p<0.01) intake increased significantly, while potatoes, bread and carbohydrate beverage intake decreased, specially sugar products (p<0.01) and instant food (p<0.01) intake decreased significantly in both groups after the nutrition counseling, The evaluation of the web-based nutrition counseling and its program by the diabetic patients showed above average in all domains, specially the evaluation scores of younger aged patients habituated to practice computer were better than those of older aged patients. Therefore, this study shows that the web-based nutrition counseling is effective for improving dietary behavior and food intake of the patients. In addition, these results indicate that internet presents us with potential as a new medium for nutrition counseling ill informationized society.

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