The Fast Foods Consumption Patterns of Secondary School Students in Busan Area

부산지역 중.고등학생의 패스트푸드 이용실태 조사

  • Lyu, Eun-Soon (Faculty of Food Science & Biotechnology, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Lee, Kyung-A (Dept. of Food Nutrition, Dong-Pusan College) ;
  • Yoon, Ji-Young (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, Gyeongsang National University)
  • 류은순 (부경대학교 식품생명공학부) ;
  • 이경아 (동부산대학 식품영양과) ;
  • 윤지영 (경상대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 2006.04.01


The purpose of this study was to examine the fast food consumption patterns of secondary school students in Busan. Secondary school students in Busan area were asked in a survey about their perception and attitudes towards fast food (n=968, response rate: 92%). Most respondents answered that they consume fast food once a month because it is fast, easily accessible and tasty. Although they perceived fast food as unhealthy and less nutritious, they were less aware of its effect on their eating patterns: a clear indication of their limited knowledge on dietary impact. The more knowledgeable respondents were about nutrition and health, the less likely they were to choose fast food over other meals. However, respondents who had little or no knowledge about the nutritional factors of fast food accounted for 43.1%. Our study suggests that development of effective nutrition and health education is crucial to adolescent population. This study will enable educators to plan more effective strategies for improving the dietary knowledge of the adolescent population.


  1. 한경수, 채인숙, 김경환. 2005. 외식경영학. 교문사, 서울. p 34-66
  2. Lyu ES, Kwak TK. 1989. Consumer opinions on fast foods and foodservice- I. Hamburger chain restaurants. Korean J Dietary Culture 4: 229-236
  3. 곽동경. 1994. 패스트푸드업체의 급식경영실태 및 발전방향. 한국식생활문화학회 춘계학술심포지움 자료집. p 13-31
  4. 고남희. 2005. 설문조사로 본 소비자 외식성향. 월간식당 5월호. p 174-178
  5. 식품외식경제신문. 2005. 패스트푸드의 결산 및 전망. 12월29일자
  6. 한국경제. 2004. 맥도날드 '화려한 부활'. 10월20일자
  7. 연합뉴스. 2005. 햄버거는 웰빙 안 통하네. 9월21일자
  8. Appledorf H, Kelly LS. 1979. Proximate and mineral content of fast food. J Am Dietet Assoc 74: 35-40
  9. Shannon BM, Parks SC. 1980. Fast foods: A perspective on their nutritional impact. J Am Dietet Assoc 76: 242-247
  10. Ries CP, Kline K, Weaver SO. 1987. Impact of commercial eating on nutrient adequacy. J Am Dietet Assoc 87: 463- 468
  11. Jeon MJ, Kim BH, Lee KS, Mo SM. 1990. A survey of fast food dining out behaviors. Korean J Home Economics Assoc 28: 15-29
  12. Sim KH, Kim SA. 1993. Utilization state of fast-foods Korean youth in big cities. Korean J Nutr 26: 804-811
  13. 동아일보. 1995. 연령별 fast food점 이용률. 12월21일자
  14. Kim KA, Cho SH. 1994. A survey on consciousness of middle and high school students using fast food restaurants in Kwangju. J East Asian Soc Dietary Life 4: 27-37
  15. Cho JM, Han YB. 1996. Dietary behavior and fast-foods use of middle school students in Seoul. Korean J Home Economics Educ Assoc 8: 105-119
  16. Kim EC. 1996. The research on the preference of fast food store. MS Thesis. Cheong-Ju University, Cheongju, Korea. p 36-41
  17. Jeong JH, Kim SH. 2001. A survey of dietary behavior and fast food consumption by high school students in Seoul. Korean J Home Economics Assoc 39: 111-124
  18. 중앙일보. 2002. 미국서 첫 패스트푸드 건강피해 소송. 11월22일자
  19. Lee SS. 2004. A study on dietary behavior of children according to the their preferences for fast food. Korean J Comm Nutr 9: 204-213
  20. Lee SS. 2002. The consumption patterns of the fast foods by the elementary school students. Korean J Soc Practical Arts Edu 15: 121-136
  21. Kim KW, Shin EM, Moon EH. 2004. A study on fast food consumption, nutritional knowledge, food behavior and dietary intake of university students. J Korean Dietetic Assoc 10: 13-24
  22. Kim HK. 1996. Fast food consumption patterns of college students in Ulsan. Korean J Dietary Culture 11: 131-141
  23. Yoon HJ, Wi SU. 1994. A survey of college student behaviors on fast food restaurants. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 7: 323-331
  24. You DR, Park GS, Kim SY, Kim HH, Lee SJ. 2000. Fast food consumption patterns-focused on college students in Taegu․Kyungbuk. Korean J Home Economics Assoc 38: 27-40
  25. 최난주. 2003. 패스트푸드의 영양함량 및 섭취실태조사 보고서. 한국소비자보호원. p 13-27
  26. Park MR, Kim SH, Wi SU. 1999. The consumption patterns of fast food in small cities. Korean J Dietary Culture 14: 139-146
  27. Kwak TK, Lyu ES, Nam SR, Lee HS, Kim SH, Moon HK, Joo SY. 1991. Nutritional concerns for fast foods by con-sumer and fast foods franchisors, and evaluation of nutritient adequacy. Korean J Soc Food Cookery Sci 7: 37-46
  28. Kim NS, Kim SA. 1994. Analysis of lipid composition in various fast-foods. Korean J Soc Food Cookery Sci 10: 131-137

Cited by

  1. Factors Associated with Consumption of Fast Food by Korean Adolescents - Analysis of 2007 Survey Data from the National Youth Policy Institute - vol.21, pp.1, 2012,
  2. Study on the Salt and Sodium Content of Middle School Lunch Meals in Gyeongsangbuk-do Area - Focus on Application of 'SamSam Foodservice' - vol.45, pp.5, 2016,
  3. Factors influencing fast food consumption behaviors of middle-school students in Seoul: an application of theory of planned behaviors vol.5, pp.2, 2011,
  4. The development of a taste education program for preschoolers and evaluation of a program by parents and childcare personnel vol.6, pp.5, 2012,
  5. Study on the Salt-Related Dietary Behaviors according to the Stage of Change Model for Salt-Related Intake of Middle School Students in Gyeongsangbuk-do Area vol.30, pp.6, 2014,