Cloning and High Expression of Nattokinase Gene from Bacillus subtilis BB-1

Bacillus subtilis BB-1으로부터 나토키나아제 유전자 크로닝 및 대량발현

  • Lee Young-Hoon (Department of Microbiological Engineering, Jinju National University) ;
  • Lee Sung-Ho (Department of Biology, Gyeongsang Natinal University) ;
  • Park Ki-Hoon (Department of Applied Life Science, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Choi Young-Ju (Department of Food and Nutrition, Silla University) ;
  • Jeong Yong-Kee (Department of Life science and Biotechnology, Dong Eui University) ;
  • Gal Sang-Wan (Department of Microbiological Engineering, Jinju National University)
  • 이영훈 (진주산업대학교 미생물공학과) ;
  • 이성호 (경상대학교 생물학과) ;
  • 박기훈 (경상대학교 응용생명과학부) ;
  • 최영주 (신라대학교 식품영양학부) ;
  • 정영기 (동의대학교 미생물학과) ;
  • 갈상완 (진주산업대학교 미생물공학과)
  • Published : 2006.04.01


A fibrinolytic enzyme gene was isolated from Bacillus subtilis BB-1 by PCR method. Primers for PCR cloning were designed according to pre-identified gene for fibrinolytic enzymes from B. subtilis. The primer sequences were 5'-CGG ATC CGT GAG AGG CAA AAA GGT G-3' and 5'-TGA ATT CTT AAT GTG CTG CTG CTT GTC C-3' as concensus sequences of the fibrinolytic genes of Bacillus species. The PCR product was 1,145 bp and the sequence homology was 99% with nattokinase gene isolated from Japanese natto. The cloned fibrinolytic gene was reconstructed in Bacillus-E. coli shuttle vector, pEB for bulk-production. The fibrinolytic enzyme was purified by FPLC from the cloned B. subtilis 168. The optimum pH and temperature of the enzyme were 7.0 and $35^{\circ}C$, respectively. The fibrinolytic enzyme did not show any activity toward to skim milk, gelatin, casein and blood agar plate. The enzyme specific polyclonal antibody was prepared in rabbit for further assays such as detection of the gene expression in plant cells. This means that the enzyme may be used for health-care such as thrombosis without any hamful effects in the blood vessel.

흑두청국으로부터 분리된 혈전용해력이 우수한 Bacillus subtilis BB-1(KFCC 11344P)으로부터 혈전용해효소 유전자를 PCR법에 의해 크로닝하였고 이를 BCF-1으로 명명하였다. BCF-1의 DNA 염기서열결정 결과 1,145 bp 크기의 혈전용해 효소로, 일본의 natto로부터 분리된 nattokinase 유전자와 99%의 상동성을 보임을 확인하였다. 혈전용해효소 유전자의 발현을 위하여 Bacillus 발현계인 Bacillus-E. coli의 shuttle vector인 pEB vector에 크로닝 하고 host로서 B. subtilis 168에 형질전환시켜 대량 발현시켰다. 생산된 혈전용해효소의 최 적활성 pH와 온도는 7.0과 $35^{\circ}C$로 확인되었다, 기질에 대한 분해양상을 조사한 결과 fibrin에서만 특이적으로 강한 분해가 일어났으며, skim milk에서 아주 약한 분해능을 보였으나 blood agar, gelatin, casein에서는 전혀 분해능을 보이지 않았다. 특히 blood agar plate에서 분해능이 없는 것으로 보아 혈액 내에서의 적혈구 파괴현상과 같은 부작용에 대한 위험을 배제할 수 있을 것으로 사료된다. BCF-1에 의해 생산된 혈전용해효소는 fibrin 특이적으로 활성을 나타냄을 확인할 수 있으며, 이는 임상적이나 산업적으로 적용하였을 때 부작용에 대한 위험적인 문제는 배제될 수 있으리라 생각된다.



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