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The Nutritional Value of Brown Rice and Maize for Growing Pigs

  • Li, X.L. (College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University) ;
  • Yuan, S.L. (College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University) ;
  • Piao, X.S. (College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University) ;
  • Lai, C.H. (College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University) ;
  • Zang, J.J. (College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University) ;
  • Ding, Y.H. (College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University) ;
  • Han, L.J. (KLMPASI, China Agricultural University) ;
  • Han, In K. (Hans' Animal Life Science Foundation)
  • Received : 2005.09.06
  • Accepted : 2006.01.12
  • Published : 2006.06.01

Abstract

An experiment was designed to study the nutritional value of Chinese brown rice and maize for growing pigs. Six male grower pigs (Duroc${\times}$Landrace${\times}$Large White, $24.3{\pm}1.26$ kg average initial BW) were surgically fitted with a simple T-cannula at the terminal ileum and allotted within a $2{\times}2$ Latin square design. The pigs were fed either a maize or brown rice diet in a direct method to determine their digestibility. The brown rice used in this experiment was husked from one kind of early, long grain, and non-glutinous rice (ELGNR, indica rice: non-waxy rice, containing amylopectin and amylose) in southern China. Chromic oxide was used as a marker. The diets were supplied at about 4.0% of body weight in dry matter/d. Total faeces and urine were collected on days 4 and 5; digesta was collected on days 6-8 in each period. The average body weight was 24.3 kg at the start of the experiment and 27.6 kg at the end. The results showed that the apparent ileal digestibilities of most amino acids of brown rice were significantly higher than those in maize (p<0.01), as were the apparent ileal digestibilities of crude protein (CP), digestible energy (DE), organic matter (OM) and dry matter (DM) (p<0.05). However, the apparent ileal starch digestibilities of the two treatments were similar (p>0.05). The values of the apparent faecal digestibilities derived from the two methods, marker and total faecal-collection methods, were very similar and also correlated with each other. The difference in absolute value of the apparent faecal digestibilities between brown rice and maize was smaller compared to that of the apparent ileal digestibilities. The net protein utilization was higher (p = 0.07) and the DE metabolizable rate was significantly higher (p<0.01) for brown rice than for maize. The metabolizable energy (ME) of brown rice is similar to that of maize, while the DE of brown rice was relatively lower. It can be concluded that Chinese brown rice are better than maize not only in apparent ileal digestibilities, but also in metabolizable rate of amino acids and gross energy under the present study conditions.

Keywords

Brown Rice;Maize;Nutrient Digestibility;Growing Pigs

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Han's Animal Science Foundations in Korea

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