Discospondylitis with pyometra in a dog

개에서 자궁축농증과 병발한 척추원반염 1례

  • Kim, Haksang (College of Veterinary Medicine and BK21 Program for Veterinary Science, Seoul National University) ;
  • Choi, Jihye (Haemaru Referral Animal Hospital) ;
  • Jung, Joohyun (College of Veterinary Medicine and BK21 Program for Veterinary Science, Seoul National University) ;
  • Chang, Jinhwa (College of Veterinary Medicine and BK21 Program for Veterinary Science, Seoul National University) ;
  • Choi, Mincheol (College of Veterinary Medicine and BK21 Program for Veterinary Science, Seoul National University) ;
  • Yoon, Junghee (College of Veterinary Medicine and BK21 Program for Veterinary Science, Seoul National University)
  • 김학상 (서울대학교 수의과대학 BK21 수의과학연구인력양성사업단) ;
  • 최지혜 (해마루 2차진료동물병원) ;
  • 정주현 (서울대학교 수의과대학 BK21 수의과학연구인력양성사업단) ;
  • 장진화 (서울대학교 수의과대학 BK21 수의과학연구인력양성사업단) ;
  • 최민철 (서울대학교 수의과대학 BK21 수의과학연구인력양성사업단) ;
  • 윤정희 (서울대학교 수의과대학 BK21 수의과학연구인력양성사업단)
  • Accepted : 2006.11.08
  • Published : 2006.12.30

Abstract

Discospondylitis is an infection of intervertebral discs, associated end plates, and adjacent vertebral bodies causing destruction and proliferation. A 10-year-old intact female Rhodesian Ridgeback dog was referred to the Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, Seoul National University with paraparesis and severe pain at T13-L1 region for one week duration. The treatment with PDS for one week by referring veterinarian showed no clinical improvement. At time of presentation, clinical signs of the patient included depression, vaginal discharge, and fever. In T-L spine radiography, osteolytic change was found between caudal endplate of T13 and cranial endplate of L1. The affected vertebral bodies were shortened and intervertebral disc space was widened. In abdominal radiography, a dilated soft tissue opacity tubular structure was found in mid-caudal abdomen. The abdominal ultrasonography revealed the uterus dilated with echogenic fluid. The CT findings showed concentric lysis of T13-L1 endplates. The dog was diagnosed as diskospondylitis at T13-L1 and pyometra. Urine and blood were cultured, and Staphylococcus (S.) intermedius was identified. The patient had surgical treatment for pyometra but died for septicemia.

References

  1. 김주민, 송상범, 황철용, 윤정희, 윤화영, 한홍율. 개에서 Discospondylitis의 진단과 치료 일례. J Vet Clin 2002, 19, 436-439
  2. Butterworth SJ, Barr FJ, Pearson GR, Day MJ. Multiple discospondylitis associated with Aspergillus species infection in a dog. Vet Rec 1995, 136, 38-41 https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.136.2.38
  3. Fischer A, Mahaffey MB, Oliver JE. Fluoroscopically guided percutaneous disk aspiration in 10 dogs with diskospondylitis. J Vet Intem Med 1997, 11, 284-287 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1939-1676.1997.tb00466.x
  4. Fossum TW. Neurologic diseases of the spine. In: Small Animal Surgery. pp. 1151-1154, Mosby, St. Louis, 1992
  5. Gonzalo-Orden JM, Altonaga JR, Orden MA, Gonzalo JM. Magnetic resonance, computed tomographic and radiologic findings in a dog with discospondylitis. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2000, 41, 142-144 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1740-8261.2000.tb01467.x
  6. Hurov L, Tory G, Turnwald G. Diskospondylitis in the dog: 27 cases. J Am Med Vet Assoc 1978, 173, 275-281
  7. Jaffe MH, Kerwin SC, Fitch RB. Canine discospondylitis. Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 1997, 19, 551-555
  8. Kornegay JN. Discospondylitis. In: Slatter DH (ed.). Textbook of Small Animal Surgery. 2nd ed. pp. 1087-1094, Saunders, Philadelphia, 1993
  9. Kornegay JN. Diskospondylitis. In: Kirk RW (ed.). Current Veterinary Therapy IX: Small Animal Practice. 9th ed. pp. 810-814, Saunders, Philadelphia, 1986
  10. Kornegay JN, Barber DL. Diskospondylitis in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1980, 177, 337-341
  11. LeCouteur RA, Child G. Diseases of the spinal cord. In: Ettinger SJ, Feldman EC (eds.). Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine. 4th ed. pp. 629-656, Saunders, Philadelphia, 1995
  12. Lorenz MD, Kornegay LN. Pelvic Limb Paresis, Paralysis, or Ataxia. In: Handbook of Veterinary Neurology. 4th ed. pp. 156-158, Saunders, Philadelphia, 2004
  13. Moor M. discospondylitis. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Prac 1992, 22, 1027-1034 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0195-5616(92)50091-2
  14. Owens JM, Biery DN. Spine. In: Radiographic Interpretation for the Small Animal Clinician. 2nd ed. pp. 134-144, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, 1999
  15. Thomas WB. Diskospondylitis and other vertebral infections. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2000, 30, 169-182 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0195-5616(00)50008-4
  16. Turnwald GH, Shires PK, Turk MA, Cox HU, Pechman RD, Kearney MT, Hugh-Jones ME, Balsamo GA, Helouin CM. Diskospondylitis in a kennel of dogs: clinicopathologic findings. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1986, 188, 178-183