Caudal occipital malformation syndrome in 10 dogs

개의 후두골 이형성 증후군 10례

  • 최지혜 (해마루 이차진료동물병원) ;
  • 김혜진 (해마루 이차진료동물병원) ;
  • 김현욱 (해마루 이차진료동물병원) ;
  • 이은창 (해마루 이차진료동물병원) ;
  • 장재영 (해마루 이차진료동물병원) ;
  • 반현정 (해마루 이차진료동물병원) ;
  • 김진경 (해마루 이차진료동물병원) ;
  • 윤정희 (서울대학교 수의과대학, BK21 수의과학(연구인력양성)사업단)
  • Accepted : 2006.12.01
  • Published : 2006.12.30

Abstract

Caudal occipital malformation syndrome (COMS) is relatively common disease which occurs at craniocervical junction. It has been known that this syndrome was developed mainly in Cavalier King Charles spaniels, but these days there are a lot of case reports about COMS in other small breed dogs. In this report, COMS was diagnosed in ten dogs presented to Haemaru Referral Animal Hospital using MRI examination from January 2005 to April 2006. These cases were also investigated about concurrent diseases and syringomyelia was the most common type of complication, but clinical signs were nonspecific. COMS could be controlled by medical therapy with corticosteroid except cases with concurrent meningitis. It is considered that the present report could provide information regarding imaging and clinical features of COMS such as concurrent diseases, clinical signs, and prognosis in small animal practice despite of limited case numbers.

References

  1. Bagley RS, Harrington ML, Tucker RL, Sande RD, Root CR, Kramer RW. Occipital dysplasia and associated cranial spinal cord abnormalities in two dogs. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 1996, 37, 359-362 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1740-8261.1996.tb01243.x
  2. Braund KG, Sharp NJH. Neurologic examination and localization. In: Slatter D (ed.). Textbook of Small Animal Surgery. 3rd ed. pp. 1092-1108, Saunders, Philadelphia, 2003
  3. Dewey CW, Berg JM, Stefanacci JD, Barone G, Marino DJ. Caudal occipital malformation syndrome in dogs. Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 2004, 26, 886-896
  4. Rusbridge C. Neurological diseases of Cavalier King Charles spaniel. J Small Anim Pract 2005, 46, 265-272 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-5827.2005.tb00319.x
  5. Rusbridge C, Knowler SP. Hereditary aspects of occipital bone hypoplasia and syringomyelia (Chiari type I malformation) in Cavalier King Charles spaniels. Vet Rec 2003, 153, 107-112 https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.153.4.107
  6. Rusbridge C, Knowler SP. Inheritance of occipital bone hypoplasia (Chiari type I malformation) in Cavalier King Charles spaniels. J Vet Intern Med 2004, 18, 673-678 https://doi.org/10.1892/0891-6640(2004)18<673:IOOBHC>2.0.CO;2
  7. Rusbridge C, MacSweeny JE, Davies JV, Chandler K, Fitzmaurice SN, Dennis R, Cappello R, Wheeler SJ. Syringohydromyelia in Cavalier King Charles spaniels. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2000, 36, 34-41 https://doi.org/10.5326/15473317-36-1-34