A case of suspected bacterial meningoencephalitis in a Miniature Pinscher dog

  • Accepted : 2006.12.01
  • Published : 2006.12.30

Abstract

A 4-year-old male Miniature Pinscher was referred because of head tilt, nystagmus, and ataxia. The hemogram revealed a moderate neutrophilic leukocytosis. On magnetic resonance imaging, cerebellar inflammation was detected. And cerebrospinal fluid analysis indicated marked neutrophilic pleocytosis. Based on these results, bacterial meningoencephalitis was suspected. The clinical signs were well controlled by a combination antibiotics therapy of the third generation cephalosporins (cefotaxime and cefixime) and metronidazole. We tentatively diagnosed this case as a bacterial meningoencephalitis because clinical signs were improved after only antibiotics therapy and relapsed when stopped antibiotics administrations, even though the result of bacterial culture on communication of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was negative.

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