A Study on the Positive Emotional Effects on Heart Rate Variability - Focused on Effects of '2002 FIFA World Cup' Sports Event on Emotion and General Health of Korean People -

긍정적 감성경험에 의한 심박변이도의 변화에 대한 연구 - 2002 한일 월드컵 행사가 한국의 국민 정서와 건강에 미친 영향을 중심으로 -

  • Jeong Kee-Sam (Dept. of Medical Information System, Yong-In Songdam College) ;
  • Lee Byung-Chae (Dept. of Medical Information System, Yong-In Songdam College) ;
  • Choi Whan-Seok (Dept. of Family Medicine, St. Mary's Hospital, Catholic University of Korea) ;
  • Kim Bom-Taeck (Dept. of Family Medicine, Ajou College of Medicine) ;
  • Woo Jong-Min (Dept. of Neuropsychiatry and stress Research institute, College of Medicine, Inje University) ;
  • Lee Kwae-Hi (Dept. of Electronic Engineering, Sogang University) ;
  • Kim Min (Dept. of Electronic Engineering, Sogang University)
  • 정기삼 (용인송담대학 의료정보시스템과) ;
  • 이병채 (용인송담대학 의료정보시스템과) ;
  • 최환석 (가톨릭대학교 성모병원 가정의학교실) ;
  • 김범택 (아주대학교 의과대학 가정의학교실) ;
  • 우종민 (인제대학교 스트레스연구소 및 서울백병원 신경정신과) ;
  • 이쾌희 (서강대학교 전자공학과) ;
  • 김민 (서강대학교 전자공학과)
  • Published : 2006.06.01

Abstract

The purpose of the study is to examine the effects of the positive menial stress, eustress, on autonomic nervous system(ANS) and human health. For this, we analyzed heart rate variability(HRV) parameters, the most promising markers of ANS function to assess the changes of emotional and physiological states of human body. We measured HRV Signal of World Cup group(281 male subjects: $29.8{\pm}5.6yr$., 187 female subjects: $29.0{\pm}5.4yr$.) in two stadiums at least an hour before the game during '2002 FIFA World Cup Korea/Japan' event. We also measured control group's(331 male subjects: $30.9{\pm}4.7 yr$., 344 female subjects: $30.2{\pm}5.2 yr$.) in the health promotion centers in two university hospitals at least a month before and after the world cup event period. Considering physiological differences between males and females, the data analysis was applied to 'male group' and 'female group' separately. As a result, some tendency was observed that is different from what we have known as the stress reaction. In general, all parameter values except that of mean heart rate tend to decrease under stressed condition. However, under eustressed condition, both heart rate and standard deviation of the Normal to Normal intervals(SDNN) were higher then those of normal condition(p<0.05). Especially, in case of female group, contrary to distressed condition, every frequency-domain powers showed tile higher value(p<0.05, p<0.001). Considering that decrease of HRV indicates the loss of one's health, the increase of SDNN and frequency parameters means that homeostasis control mechanism of ANS is functioning positively. Accordingly, induction of eustress from international sports event may affect positively to the people's health.

Keywords

Eustress;HRV;autonomic nervous system;world cup