Technique of Direct Copper to Glass Seal in an Evacuated Tube Solar Collector

진공관형 태양열 집열기의 구리-유리 직접 접합 기술

  • Kim, Cheol-Young (Department of Ceramic Engineering, Inha University) ;
  • Lim, Hyong-Bong (Department of Ceramic Engineering, Inha University) ;
  • Cho, Nam-Kwon (Department of Ceramic Engineering, Inha University) ;
  • Kwak, Hee-Youl (Department of New and Renewable Energy Research, Korea Institute of Energy Research)
  • 김철영 (인하대학교 세라믹공학과) ;
  • 임형봉 (인하대학교 세라믹공학과) ;
  • 조남권 (인하대학교 세라믹공학과) ;
  • 곽희열 (한국에너지기술연구원)
  • Published : 2006.09.01


The sealing technique between a glass tube and a copper heat pipe in an evacuated tube solar collector is studied. In this study two different sealing techniques, such as flame method and furnace firing, are examined. After the sealing of a copper to a glass, the oxidation state of the copper and its bonding morphology were examined by SEM and XRD. Its oxidation was retarded by coating of borate solution on the copper, and $Cu_2O(cuprite)$ turned into CuO(tenorite) with increase in a firing temperature and firing time. Porous structure was found in the oxide layer when CuO formed. The best sealing morphology was observed when the thickness of the oxidation layer was less than $20{\mu}m$. The sealing technique performed in a furnace was promising and the satisfactory result was obtained when the sample was fired at $950^{\circ}C$ for 5 min under $N_2$ atmosphere. Annealing procedure is recommended to remove the stress left at the bonding zone.


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