Adaptive Scanning for H.264/AVC Intra Coding

  • Lee, Yung-Lyul (Department of Computer Engineering, Sejong University) ;
  • Han, Ki-Hun (Department of Computer Engineering, Sejong University) ;
  • Sim, Dong-Gyu (Department of Computer Engineering, Kwangwoon University) ;
  • Seo, Jeong-Il (Radio & Broadcasting Research Division, ETRI)
  • Received : 2006.05.23
  • Published : 2006.10.31


In this letter, an adaptive scanning that improves intra coding efficiency in the H.264/AVC standard is proposed. The proposed adaptive scanning utilizes the prediction directions (modes) that include the horizontal and vertical edge information in a block. Depending on the prediction directions, the proposed method uses three scanning methods: zigzag scanning, horizontal scanning, and vertical scanning. In the proposed method, horizontal and vertical scanning are used in vertical and horizontal prediction modes, respectively, and the normal zigzag scanning in the H.264 standard is used in all other intra prediction modes. The proposed method reduces the bit rate by approximately 2.5% compared with H.264/AVC, without the degradation of video quality.