DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Analysis of Cognitive Acceleration Effects in Implementing the Thinking Science Program to Secondary School Students by Delayed Test

Thinking Science 프로그램의 적용에서 지연검사에 의한 중학생들의 인지발달 가속 효과의 분석

  • Published : 2007.12.20

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate cognitive acceleration effect of the experimental group over three years compared with the control group through the ‘Thinking Science' program in the middle school students. The ‘Thinking Science' program was implemented to 168 students in 7th grade over a period of two years. After implementation of the ‘Thinking Science' program, the improvement of formal thinking ability of the students was almost twice examined with SRT VII as the post-test and the delayed test. It was shown that by the end of the implementation period the experimental group had achieved a significantly greater gain score in levels of cognitive development than had the control group. In the subsequent year during which there was no further implementation, the experimental group continued to develop at the same rate as the control group. However, it is clear that much more experimental students in mature concrete operational stage shifted to formal operational stage in delayed test. The results were also analyzed by gender, and cognitive levels of the students. In the post-test, the ratio of girls that shifted to formal operation stage in the experimental group increased as compared with the ratio of boys, while, in the delayed test cognitive level of boys was more effective than that of girls.

Keywords

Cognitive Acceleration;Thinking Science Program;Cognitive Level;Formal Operation Stage

References

  1. Kang, S. H.; Park, J. Y.; Jung, J. Y. Chem. Educ. 1999, 43, 578
  2. Moon, H. M.; Choi, B. S. Chem. Educ. 1987, 14, 116
  3. Park, J. Y.; Choi, B. S. Chem. Educ. 1996, 23, 335
  4. Adey, P.; Shayer, M. Thinking science INSET; Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd.: London, U.K., 1995
  5. Adey, P. Int. J. Sci. Educ. 1988, 10, 121 https://doi.org/10.1080/0950069880100201
  6. Adey, P.; Shayer, M. J. Res. Sci. Teach. 1990, 27, 267 https://doi.org/10.1002/tea.3660270309
  7. Shayer, M.; Adey, P. J. Res. Sci. Teach. 1992, 29, 81 https://doi.org/10.1002/tea.3660290108
  8. Shayer, M.; Adey, P. J. Res. Sci. Teach. 1992, 29, 1101 https://doi.org/10.1002/tea.3660291007
  9. Adey, P.; Robertson, A.; Verville, G. Brit. Educ. Psychol 2002, 72, 1 https://doi.org/10.1348/000709902158748
  10. Jones, M.; Gott, R. Int. J. Sci. Educ. 1998, 20, 755 https://doi.org/10.1080/0950069980200701
  11. Shin, Y. K. Korea National University of Education. 2003
  12. Kim, S. J.; Choi, B. S. J. Kor. Assoc. Res. Sci. Educ. 2005, 25, 111
  13. Choi, B. S.; Choi, M. H.; Nam, J. H.; Lee, S. K. J. Kor. Assoc. Res. Sci. Educ. 2002, 22, 422
  14. Choi, B. S.; Han, H.; Kang, S. J.; Lee, S. K.; Kang, S. H.; Park, J. Y.; Nam, J. H. J. Kor. Assoc. Res. Sci. Educ. 2002, 22, 837
  15. Nam, J. H.; Yoon, K. R.; Lee, S. K.; Hahn, I. J. Kor. Chem. Soc. 2002, 46, 569 https://doi.org/10.5012/jkcs.2002.46.6.569
  16. Shin, K. I.; Lee, S. K.; Shin, Y. K.; Choi, B. S. J. Kor. Chem. Soc. 2003, 47, 165 https://doi.org/10.5012/jkcs.2003.47.2.165
  17. Iqbal. H. M.; Shayer, M. J. Res. Sci. Teach. 2000, 37, 259 https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1098-2736(200003)37:3<259::AID-TEA3>3.0.CO;2-W
  18. Kuusela, J.; Hautamaki, J. Proceeding from the 10th international conference of thinking: Harrogate, UK., 2002
  19. Wylam, H.; Shayer, M. CSMS Science Reasoning Tasks; NFER Publishing Co.: NY, 1980
  20. Adey, P.; Shayer, M. Really raising standards; Routledge: London, U.K., 1994
  21. Epstein, H. T. Develop. Psychol. 1980, 13, 629 https://doi.org/10.1002/dev.420130608
  22. Epstein, H. T. J. Educ. Psychol. 1990, 82, 876 https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.82.4.876
  23. Hudspeth, W. J.; Pribram, K. H. J. Educ. Psychol. 1990, 82, 881 https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.82.4.881
  24. Epstein, H. T. Brain and Cognition. 2001, 45, 44 https://doi.org/10.1006/brcg.2000.1253
  25. Kwon, Y. J. Kor. Assoc. Res. Sci. Educ. 1998, 18, 427
  26. Kwon, Y.; Lawson, A. E.; Chung, W.; Kim, Y. J. Res. Sci. 2000, 37, 1171