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Acute Toxicity of Bisphenol A to the Crustacean Daphnia magna

물벼룩을 이용한 bisphenol A의 급성독성 평가

  • Hwang, Gab-Soo (School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Kunsan National University)
  • 황갑수 (군산대학교 토목환경공학부)
  • Published : 2007.10.30

Abstract

Aquatic ecotoxicity of bisphenol A, a well-known endocrine disrupter in mammals, was studied using laboratory-reared Daphnia magna as a test organism. The static acute 48 h $EC_{50}$ of bisphenol A for daphnid neonates(<24 hold) was 12.9 mg/l and 110 h $LC_{50}$ values of bisphenol A for daphnid embryos of different ages after deposition into the brood chamber increase with ages in the range of 1.55 mg/l-8.91 mg/l. Also, 48 h $EC_{50}s$ generally increase with daphnid's ages in the range of 12.9 mg/l-19.8 mg/l. In the acute toxicity tests using mature daphnids, the lethal response and immobility all showed good concentration-response relationship with exposure concentration and exposure time, showing little difference between lethality and immobility. These results clarify that acute toxicity tests, using daphnid and its embryo, could also be useful tools easily available for the assessment of ecotoxicity of various harmful chemicals.

Keywords

bisphenol A;endocrine disrupter;Daphnia magna;48h $EC_{50}$;110 h $LC_{50}$;embryo

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