Physical Properties of Methyl Cellulose and Hydroxypropylated Methyl Cellulose Films

Methyl cellulose와 hydroxypropylated methyl cellulose 필름의 물성

  • Published : 2007.10.31

Abstract

In this study, we prepared methyl cellulose (MC) and hydroxypropylated methyl cellulose (HPMC) films with polyethylene glycol (PEG) or polyphosphates as elongation enhancing materials, and with lipid layers as moisture barrier materials. We then determined their physical properties and compared the data with target physical properties such as a tensile property of 13.0 MPa, elongation of 130%, and water vapor permeability of $3.47{\times}10^{-2}ng{\cdot}m/m^2{\cdot}s{\cdot}Pa$. The PEG and polyphosphates were required for enhancing elongation, while the coating method seemed better than the emulsion method when applying the lipid layers. With respect to elongation, the MC films were better than the HPMC films.

Keywords

methyl cellulose (MC);hydroxypropylated methyl cellulose (HPMC);polyphosphates;coating method;emulsion method

References

  1. Song TH, Kim CJ. Effect of calcium addition on physicochemical properties of cellulose-based edible films. Korean J. Food Sci. Technol. 31: 99-105 (1999)
  2. Kamper SL, Fennema O. Water vapor permeability of an edible, fatty acid, bilayer films. J. Food Sci. 49: 1482-1485 (1984) https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1984.tb12826.x
  3. Mutalik V, Manjeshwar LS, Wali A, Sairam M, Raju KVSN, Aminabhavi TM. Thermodynamics/hydrodynamics of aqueous polymer solutions and dynamic mechanical characterization of solid films of chitosan, sodium alginate, guar gum, hydroxy ethyl cellulose and hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose at different temperatures. Carbohyd. Polym. 65: 9-21 (2006) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2005.11.018
  4. ASTM. Annual Book of ASTM Standards. American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA, USA (1989)
  5. ASTM. Annual Book of ASTM Standards. Destination E96-80 standard Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Materials. American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA, USA (1989)
  6. Han YJ, Roh HJ, Kim SS. Preparation and physical properties of cudlan composite edible films. Korean J. Food Sci. Technol. 39: 158-163 (2007)
  7. Park HJ, Weller CL, Vergano PJ, Testin RF. Permeability and mechanical properties of cellulose-based edible films. J. Food Sci. 58: 1361-1370 (1993) https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1993.tb06183.x
  8. Bajdik J, Regdon Jr G, Marek T, Eros I, Süvegh K, Pintye-Hodi K. The effect of the solvent on the film-forming parameters of hydroxypropyl-cellulose. Intl. J. Pharm. 301: 192-198 (2005) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpharm.2005.05.031
  9. Shrestha AK, Arcot J, Paterson JL. Edible coating materials-their properies and use in the fortification of rice with folic acid. Food Res. Intl. 36: 921-928 (2003) https://doi.org/10.1016/S0963-9969(03)00101-7
  10. Kim YH, Park HJ, Kim DM, Kim KH. Functional properties of cellulose-based films. Korean J. Food Sci. 26: 133-137 (1994)
  11. Song TH, Kim CJ. Preparation of cellulose-based edible film and its physical characteristics. Korean J. Food Sci. Technol. 28: 1-7 (1996)
  12. Lim MJ, Sim JH, Choi JM, Kim YS. A study on development of eco-friendly wrap using biodegradabke resin K. Korean Ind. Eng. Chem. 16: 800-808 (2005)
  13. Park JW, Testin RF, Park HJ, Vergano PJ, Weller CL. Fatty acid concentration effect on tensile strength, elongation, and water vapor permeability of laminated edible films. J. Food Sci. 59: 916-919 (1994) https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1994.tb08157.x
  14. KFDA: Food Additives Database. KFDA Homepage (http://fa.kfda. go.kr/Index.html) (2007)
  15. Ayranct E, Tunc S. The effect of fatty acid content on water vapour and carbon dioxide transmissions of cellulose-based films. Food Chem. 72: 231-236 (2001) https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(00)00227-2
  16. Koh HY, Chinnan MS. Characteristics of corn zein and methyl cellulose bilayer edible films according to preparation protocol. Food Sci. Biotechnol. 11: 310-315 (2002)
  17. Tarvainen M, Sutinen R, Peltonen S, Mikkonen H, Maunus J, Vaha-Heikkila K, Lehto V, Paronen P. Enhanced film-forming properties for ethyl cellulose and starch acetate using n-alkenyl succinic anhydrides as novel plasticizers. Eur. J. Pharm. Sci. 19: 363-371 (2003) https://doi.org/10.1016/S0928-0987(03)00137-4
  18. Gennadios A, Weller CL, Gooding CH. Measurement errors in water vapor permeability of highly permeable, hydrophilic edible films. J. Food Eng. 21: 395-409 (1994) https://doi.org/10.1016/0260-8774(94)90062-0
  19. Yakimets I, Wellner N, Smith AC, Wilson RH, Farhat I, Mitchell J. Effect of water content on the fracture behaviour of hydroxypropyl cellulose films studied by the essential work of fracture method. Mech. Mater. 39: 500-512 (2007) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mechmat.2006.08.003
  20. Kamper SL, Fennema O. Water vapor permeability of edible bilayer films. J. Food Sci. 49: 1478-1485 (1984) https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1984.tb12825.x
  21. Turhan KN, Sahbaz F. Water vapor permeability, tensile properties and solubility of methylcellulose-based edible films. J. Food Eng. 61: 459-466 (2004) https://doi.org/10.1016/S0260-8774(03)00155-9
  22. Greener IK, Fennema O. Barrier properties and surface characteristics of edible, bilayer films. J. Food Sci. 54: 1393-1399 (1989) https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1989.tb05120.x