Salmonella gallinarum에 대한 specific IgY의 항균력

Antimicrobial Activity of Specific IgY against Salmonella gallinarum

  • 발행 : 2007.10.31

초록

Salmonella gallinarum로 면역화된 산란계로부터 생산된 계란 난황 중에 들어 있는 anti-S, gallinarum specific IgY를 분리하여 IgY의 효능을 살펴보았다. 또한 면역화 여부, specific IgY 농도별 및 균수별에 따른 항균력을 현미경적 관찰 및 탁도 측정, pH 변화로 검토하였다. 전체 IgY 중 anti-S. gallinarum IgY의 특이항체의 비율은 23%로 나타났다. 또한 anti-S, gallinarum IgY와 Salmonella유사 균주의 항원에 대한 IgY의 선택성을 조사한 결과 생산된 IgY는 S, gallinarum 에만 선택성을 갖는 것으로 나타났다. S, gallinarum 배양액에 anti-S. gallinarum specific IgY 0.3%를 첨가한 처리구는 상등액과 침전물에서 S, gallinarum가 응집되는 현상을 보였다. 그러나 면역을 하지 않은 닭에서 생산된 계란으로부터 추출한 IgY와 대조구에서는 응집 반응이 일어나지 않았다. Anti-S, gallinarum IgY를 첨가한 처리구가 대조구보다 S. gallinarum균들이 응집되는 정도에 있어서 확실한 효과를 나타내었다. 현미경 관찰시 균체들의 응집현상은 IgY 0.2% 이상 첨가시에 나타났으며, pH와 탁도에 있어서는 IgY 0.1% 이상 첨가구에서 S. gallinarum 성장 억제의 탁월한 효과를 볼 수 있었다. $10^5CFU/mL$에 Anti-S, gallinarum IgY 0.3%를 첨가한 처리구는 $10^3CFU/mL$와 거의 동일한 탁도를 나타내어 IgY에 의한 성장 억제를 확인할 수 있었다. 현미경적 관찰에서 IgY 첨가량이 증가할수록 더 큰 균괴를 형성하는 것을 볼 수 있었다. 위의 결과들을 통해 S. gallinarum로 면역화된 닭으로부터 생산된 계란에서 추출된 IgY를 사용하면 가금티푸스를 예방하는데 이용될 수 있을 가능성을 보여주었다.

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