A Multiple User Class Congestion Pricing Model and Equity

혼잡통행료 산정모형의 개발 및 계층간 형평성 연구

  • 임용택 (전남대학교 교통물류학부) ;
  • 김병관 (서울대학교 환경대학원)
  • Published : 2007.10.30

Abstract

Traditionally, a congestion charge based on first-best congestion pricing theory, namely, the theory of marginal cost pricing theory, is equal to the difference between marginal social cost and marginal private cost. It is charged on each link so as to derive a user equilibrium flow pattern to a system optimal one. Based on this theory this paper investigates on the characteristics of first-best congestion pricing of multiple user class on road with variable demand, and presents two methods for analysis of social and spatial equity. For these purposes, we study on the characteristics of first-best congestion pricing derived from system optimal in time and in monetary unit, and analyze equity from this congestion pricing with an example network.

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