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Composition of Crude Polysaccharides in Some Phezllinus Species

수 종 상황버섯의 조다당 분획물 조성

  • Park, Mi-Jung (Dept. of Visual Optics, Seoul National University of Technology) ;
  • Ahn, Mi-Jeong (Dept. of Crops Biotechnology, Jinju Notional University) ;
  • Kim, Jin-Woong (College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University) ;
  • Ze, Keum-Ryon (Dept. of Herbal Medicines Evaluation, Korea Food & Drug Administration) ;
  • Lee, Heum-Sook (Dept. of Food Science and Technology, Seoul National University of Technology)
  • 박미정 (서울산업대학교 안경광학과) ;
  • 안미정 (진주산업대학교 작물생명과학과) ;
  • 김진웅 (서울대학교 약학대학) ;
  • 제금련 (식품의약품안전청 생약평가부) ;
  • 이흠숙 (서울산업대학교 식품공학과)
  • Published : 2007.01.31

Abstract

Various Phellinus species (Hymenochaetaceae) including P. linteus, P. baumii, P. pini, and P. igniarius of domestic and foreign products, were examined by gas chromatography to validate their composition of crude polysaccharides. The crude polysaccharide fraction, which is known to be one of the physiologically active fractions, were prepared by a cold ethanol precipitation method and the yield of the crude polysaccharide fractions of P. linteus, P. baumii, P. pini, and P. igniarius were 15.0%, 5.1%, 6.3% and 5.7%, respectively. The total monosaccharide amount of the crude polysaccharide fraction of P. linteus was 148.713 mg/g (dry weight of mushroom) while those of P. baumii, P. pini and P. igniarius were 29.022 mg/g, 29.222 mg/g and 1.546 mg/g, respectively. Although the major monosaccharide of all Phellinus mushrooms was glucose, there were remarkable differences in the absolute quantity of each monosaccharide. P. linteus included plenty of monosaccharides except mannose and ribose in comparison with P. baumii and P. pini. The absolute quantities of monosaccharides of P. baumii and P. pini were nearly similar except arabinose. The total monosaccharides of P. igniarius were minimal, but the portions of galactose and mannose in P. igniarius were greater than in the other species.

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