Enzymatic Assessment of $2-Hydroxyethyl-{\beta}-undecenate$ Purified from Cumin (Cuminum cymium L.) Seed for Anti-periodontitis

Cumin(Cuminum cymium L.) seed로부터 정제한 $2-hydroxyethyl-{\beta}-undecenate$의 항치주염 효과의 효소학적 평가

  • Ryu, Il-Hwan (College of Life Science and Natural Resources, Wonkwang University) ;
  • Kang, Eun-Ju (Department of Dental Hygiene, Wonkwang Health Science College) ;
  • Lee, Kap-Sang (College of Life Science and Natural Resources, Wonkwang University) ;
  • Park, Chung-Soon (Department of Dental Hygiene, Wonkwang Health Science College)
  • 류일환 (원광대학교 생명자원과학대학) ;
  • 강은주 (원광보건대학 치위생과) ;
  • 이갑상 (원광대학교 생명자원과학대학) ;
  • 박정순 (원광보건대학 치위생과)
  • Published : 2007.12.01

Abstract

The present study was conducted to explore the anti-inflammatory action of $2-hydroxyethyl-{\beta}-undecenate$ (HPS) purified from Cumin (Cuminum cymium L.) seed against periodontitis. From the study in which human leukocyte was employed to detect the inhibiting effects of 5-lipokygenase and cyclooxygenase, enzymes generating carriers of infection like $LTB_4$ and PGs, as well as of collagenase and elastase, organ-destroying enzymes, following conclusions could be drawn: HPS was found to inhibit leukotrien $B_4$ biosynthesis by stimulating more than 97% of human polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMNL) with addition of $5\;{\times}\;10^{-2}\;M$ when $IC_{50}$ was set at $2\;{\times}\;10^{-4}\;M$. Ninety-two percent of enzyme activation turned out to be inhibited when $5\;{\times}\;10^{-2}\;M$ was added in a test to prove inhibiting effects of HPS against activation of PMNL 5-lipoxygenase from homogeneous humans and purified 5-lipoxygenase on the market. Besides, $IC_{50}$ for enzyme activation was valued at $2.5\;{\times}\;10^{-4}\;M$, while the value of $IC_{50}$ for purified 5-lipoxygenase was $2.3\;{\times}\;10^{-4}\;M$. The $IC_{50}$ values of COX-activated leukocyte and purified collagenase were $5.1\;{\times}\;10^{-4}\;M$ and $2.3\;{\times}\;10^{-4}\;M$, respectively. Moreover, the value of $IC_{50}$ for activation of leukocyte collagenase was $2\;{\times}\;10^{-3}\;M$, whereas that for purified collagenase was $5\;{\times}\;10^{-2}\;M$. In case of leukocyte elastase, addition of $5\;{\times}\;10^{-2}\;M$ inhibited its activation by 66%. In case of purified one, however, activation of enzyme was inhibited by 25% with addition of $5\;{\times}\;10^{-2}\;M$. Furthermore, the $IC_{50}$ value for activation of leukocyte elastase was revealed to be $7.5\;{\times}\;10^{-3}\;M$. From the virulence test with human gingiva cell, it was shown that, on the second day of cultivation, 47.83% of the cell had been activated when HPS was added by $5\;{\times}\;10^{-2}\;M$. Even the addition of HPS by $1\;{\times}\;10^{-2}\;M$ featured 68.53% of cell activation, suggesting relatively strong toxicity of the substance against gingiva cell.

Keywords

$2-hydroxyethyl-{\beta}-undecenate$ (HPS);cumin (Cuminum cymium L.) seed;periodontitis;leukocyte elastase

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