Comparison of insecticide susceptibility and enzyme activities of biotype B and Q of Bemisia tabaci

담배가루이 Biotype B와 Q의 약제감수성과 효소활성 비교

  • Kim, Eun-Hee (Dept. of Plant Medicine, Coll. of Agri., Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Sung, Jae-Wook (National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Yang, Jeong-Oh (Dept. of Plant Medicine, Coll. of Agri., Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Ahn, Hee-Geun (Dept. of Plant Medicine, Coll. of Agri., Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Yoon, Chang-Mann (Dept. of Plant Medicine, Coll. of Agri., Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Seo, Mi-Ja (Dept. of Plant Medicine, Coll. of Agri., Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Kim, Gil-Hah (Dept. of Plant Medicine, Coll. of Agri., Chungbuk National University)
  • 김은희 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 식물의학과) ;
  • 성재욱 (농업과학기술원 농약평가과) ;
  • 양정오 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 식물의학과) ;
  • 안희근 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 식물의학과) ;
  • 윤창만 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 식물의학과) ;
  • 서미자 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 식물의학과) ;
  • 김길하 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 식물의학과)
  • Published : 2007.12.30

Abstract

Mitochondrial 16S DNA sequences of Bemisia tabaci which were collected on rose greenhouse of Iwol and Jinchen in Chungbuk and red pepper field of Miryang, Gyeongnam, were analyzed. The mtCOI PCR product of B. tabaci collected on red pepper field of Miryang were digested with EcoT14I (Sty I) into two fragments 555bp and 311bp, while the PCR product of B. tabaci collected on rose greenhouse of Iwol were digested with Sty I into two fragments of 560bp and 306bp. As a result, B. tabaci collected on red pepper reveal biotype Q and those on rose greenhouse was biotype B. These was difference between two biotypes in insecticide susceptibility, and the biotype B was more susceptible than biotype Q. As a result of foliar systemic test, root-uptake systemic test and residual effect, the biotype B was more susceptible. In case of inhibition effect on enzyme activities of fenitrothion (organophosphorous) and fenothiocarb (carbamate), those of biotype Q was higher than those of biotype B. These results indicate that biotype Q was more resistant than biotype B against 12 insecticides.

충북 진천군 이월면 장미재배지와 경남 밀양시 고추밭에서 채집한 담배가루이에 대해서 16S DNA 염기서열을 분석하였다. 각각의 PCR 산물을 EcoT14 I (Sty I)과 Stu I을 처리한 결과 경남 밀양시 고추밭에서 채집한 담배가루이는 Sty I 에서 555pp와 311bp 두 개의 단편이 만들어져 biotype Q임을 확인하였고, 충북진천군 장미재배지에서 채집한 담배가루이는 Stu I에서 560bp와 3060p 두 개의 단편이 만들어서 biotype B임을 확인하였다. 두 biotype에 대한 12종 살충제로 발육단계별 약제감수성, 침투이행성 및 잔효성을 비교하였고, esterase, acetylcholinesterase (AChE), glutathione S-transferase 등의 효소활성에 미치는 저해정도를 검토하였다. 두 biotype간에 약제감수성 차이가 있었고, biotype B가 Q보다 더 감수성이었다. 엽면침투이행성과 근부침투이행성 및 잔효성에서도 biotype B가 Q보다 더 감수성이었다. 유기인계인 fenitrothion과 카바메이트계인 fenothiocarb의 저해제에 대해서 esterase, acetylcholinesterase (AChE), glutathione S-transferase등의 효소활성에 미치는 영향을 검토한 결과, biotype Q가 B보다 활성이 높게 나타났다. 이상의 결과를 종합하여 볼 때 담배가루이 biotype Q가 B보다 약제에 대해서 저항성임을 알 수 있었다.

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