Chemical characteristics and sources of fine ambient particulate matter from the third and fourth industrial complex area of Daejeon city, Korea

대전 3, 4 공단지역의 미세분진에 대한 화학적 특성과 오염원 연구

  • Lim, Jong-Myoung (Chungnam National University, Department of Environmental Engineering) ;
  • Lee, Jin-Hong (Chungnam National University, Department of Environmental Engineering) ;
  • Chung, Yong-Sam (HANARO Center, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute)
  • 임종명 (충남대학교 공과대학 환경공학과) ;
  • 이진홍 (충남대학교 공과대학 환경공학과) ;
  • 정용삼 (한국원자력연구소 하나로 이용기술개발부)
  • Received : 2006.09.08
  • Accepted : 2007.01.22
  • Published : 2007.02.28

Abstract

This study centered on the quantitative analysis of about 27 trace elements including toxic ones using instrumental neutron activation analysis of fine ambient particulate matter in the third and fourth industrial complex area of Daejeon city, Korea. For analytical quality control, the certified reference material (NIST, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, U.S.A., SRM 2783, air particulate on filter media) was used. The errors relative to SRM values of Sb, Mn, V, Mg, Na, K, Ti, Co, Zn, and Sm fell below 5%, while those of Cr, Fe, Ba, Th, Ce, Al, and Cu were less than 10%. From the results of the quantitative analysis, the concentration of toxic metals such as As, Mn, Se, V, and Zn were $3.26{\pm}2.72$, $9.86{\pm}4.71$, $2.18{\pm}1.25$, $4.91{\pm}2.41$, $158{\pm}78ng/m^3$, respectively. And the results of factor analysis indicated that there are no more than six factors of sources of fine ambient particulate with statistical significance in the study area.

Keywords

fine ambient particulate matter;industrial complex area;instrumental neutron activation analysis;relative errors;factor analysis

References

  1. G. Erdtmann, 'Neutron Activation Tables Vol. 6', New York, 1976
  2. K. H. Kim, J. H. Lee, and M. S. Jang, Environmental Pollution, 118, 41-51(2002) https://doi.org/10.1016/S0269-7491(01)00279-2
  3. J. M. Ondov, W. H. Zoller, and G. E. Gordon, Environ. Sci. Technol., 16, 318-328(1982)
  4. M. E. Kitto, D. L. Anderson, G. E. Gordon, and I. Olmez, Environ. Sci. Technol., 26, 1368-1375(1992) https://doi.org/10.1021/es00031a014
  5. X. Huang, I. Olmez, and N. K. Aras, Atmospheric Environment, 28, 1385-1391(1994) https://doi.org/10.1016/1352-2310(94)90201-1
  6. S. R. Taylor and S. M. McLennan, 'The Continental Crust : Its Composition and Evolution', Blackwell Sci., 1985
  7. F. Monaci and R. Bagagli, Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 100, 89-98(1987) https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1018318427017
  8. W. E. Wilson and H. H. Suh, J. Air Waste Management Association, 47, 1238-1249(1999)
  9. J. Schwartz, D. W. Dockery, L. M. Leas, J. Air Waste Management Association, 46, 927-936(1996) https://doi.org/10.1080/10473289.1996.10467528
  10. B. A. Roscoe, P. K. Hopke, S. L. Dattner, and M. Jenks, J. of the Air Pollution Control Association, 32, 637-642(1982) https://doi.org/10.1080/00022470.1982.10465439
  11. A. Mizohata, J. Aerosol Res., 1, 274-279(1986)
  12. P. K. Hopke, E. S. Gladney, G. E., Gordon, W. H. Zoller, and A. G. Jones, Atmospheric Environment, 10, 1015-1025(1976) https://doi.org/10.1016/0004-6981(76)90211-0
  13. N. Z. Heidam, Atmospheric Environment, 16, 1923-1931(1982) https://doi.org/10.1016/0004-6981(82)90463-2
  14. A. C. Stern, 'Air Pollution', 3rd Vol., Academic Press, Inc., 1986
  15. L. A. Currie, Anal. Chem., 40, 586-591(1968) https://doi.org/10.1021/ac60259a007
  16. G. M. Hindy, J. Air Pollution Control Association, 25, 1106-1114(1975) https://doi.org/10.1080/00022470.1975.10470183
  17. IAEA, 'Handbook on Nuclear Activation Analysis Data', IAEA Tec. Rep. No. 273, 1987
  18. D. A. Lundgren and H. J. Paulus, J. Air Pollution Control Association, 25, 1227-1231(1975) https://doi.org/10.1080/00022470.1975.10470200
  19. J. Tolgyessy and E. H. Klehr, 'Nuclear Environmental Chemical Analysis, Ellis Horwood Series in Analytical Chemistry', John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1987