DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Feeding Value of Jambo Grass Silage and Mott Grass Silage for Lactating Nili Buffaloes

  • Touqir, N.A. (Institute of Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, University of Agriculture) ;
  • Khan, M. Ajmal (Institute of Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, University of Agriculture) ;
  • Sarwar, M. (Institute of Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, University of Agriculture) ;
  • Mahr-un-Nisa, Mahr-un-Nisa (Institute of Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, University of Agriculture) ;
  • Ali, C.S. (Institute of Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, University of Agriculture) ;
  • Lee, W.S. (Dairy Cattle Research Division, National Livestock Research Institute) ;
  • Lee, H.J. (Dairy Cattle Research Division, National Livestock Research Institute) ;
  • Kim, H.S. (Dairy Cattle Research Division, National Livestock Research Institute)
  • Received : 2006.05.06
  • Accepted : 2006.08.30
  • Published : 2007.04.01

Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate the feeding value of jambo grass (Sorghum $bicolour{\times}Sorghum$ sudanefe) silage and mott grass (Pennisetum purpureum) silage as a replacement of conventional fodder (jambo grass) in the diet of lactating Nili buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). Thirty early-lactating ($45{\pm}4$ days), multi-parous Nili buffaloes, ten in each group, were allotted to three experimental diets. Jambo grass and mott grass were ensiled with molasses (at 2% of fodder DM) in two trench silos for 30 days. The control diet (JG) contained 75% jambo grass while the other two diets contained 75% jambo grass silage (JGS) and 75% mott grass silage (MGS). The remaining 25% DM in each diet was supplied by concentrates. Diets were mixed daily and fed twice a day ad libitum for 120 days. Dry matter intake (DMI) was higher with the JG diet compared with JGS and MGS diets. However, DMI as % body weight did not differ significantly in buffaloes fed either fodder or silage based diets. Crude protein (CP), digestible CP and NDF intakes were significantly higher on JG compared with silage-based diets. Apparent total tract digestibilities of DM, CP and NDF were similar in buffaloes fed JG, JGS and MGS diets. Milk yield (4% FCM) was similar in buffaloes fed JG and silage based diets. Fat, total solids, solid not fat, CP, true protein and non-protein nitrogen content of milk were similar in buffaloes fed fodder or silage based diets. The present results indicated that jambo grass and mott grass ensiled with 2% molasses for 30 days could safely replace the conventional fresh grass fodder (75% DM) in the diet of lactating Nili buffaloes without affecting their milk yield.

Keywords

Jambo Grass;Mott Grass;Silage;Digestibility;Milk Yield;Buffalo

References

  1. AOAC. 1999. Official Methods of Analysis (16th Ed). Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International, Gaithersburg, MD, USA.
  2. De Jong, E. A. M., H. Klomp, G. Ellen and H. van Hemert. 1992. Evaluation of a segmented-flow method for the routine determination of urea in milk. Neth. Milk Dairy J. 46:115-119.
  3. Khan, M. A., M. Sarwar, M. Nisa and M. S. Khan. 2004. Feeding value of urea treated corncobs ensiled with or without enzose (corn dextrose) for lactating crossbred cows. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17:1093-1097. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2004.1093
  4. Khan, M. A., Z. Iqbal, M. Sarwar, M. Nisa, M. S. Khan, H. J. Lee, W. S. Lee, H. S. Kim and K. S. Ki. 2006c. Urea treated corncobs ensiled with or without additives for buffaloes: Ruminal characteristics, digestibility and nitrogen metabolism. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 19:705-712. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2006.705
  5. NRC (National research council). 2001. Nutrient requirements of dairy cattle. 7th revised Edn. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. USA.
  6. Rook, J. A. F. and P. C. Thomas. 1982. Silage for milk production. National Institute of Research in Dairying, Reading, England. ISBN 0-7084-0166-X
  7. Sarwar, M., M. A. Khan, M. Nisa and N. A.Touqir. 2005. Influence of berseem and lucerne silages on feed intake, nutrient digestibility and milk yield in lactating Nili buffaloes. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 18:475-478. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2005.475
  8. Van Keulen, J. and B. A. Young. 1977. Evaluation of acid insoluble ash as a natural marker in ruminant digestibility studies. J. Anim. Sci. 44:282-289. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas1977.442282x
  9. Van Soest, P. J., H. B. Robertson and B. A. Lewis. 1991. Method of dietary fiber and non-starch polysaccharides in relation to animal material. J. Dairy Sci. 74:3583-3591. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(91)78551-2
  10. Steel, R. G. D. and J. H. Torrie. 1984. Principles and Procedures of Statistics. A Biometrical Approach. (2nd Ed.) McGraw Hill Book Co. Inc. New York, USA.
  11. Man, N. V. and H. Wiktorsson. 2001. Cassava tops ensiled with or without molasses as additive effect on quality, feed intake and digestibility by heifers. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 14:624-631. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2001.624
  12. Dado, R. G. and M. S. Allen. 1995. Intake limitations, feeding behavior and rumen function of cows challenged with rumen fill from dietary fiber of inert bulk. J. Dairy Sci. 78:118-125. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(95)76622-X
  13. Sarwar, M., J. L. Firkins and M. L Estridge. 1991. Effect of replacing neutral detergent fiber of forage with soy hulls and corn gluten feed for dairy heifers. J. Dairy Sci. 74:1006-1015. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(91)78250-7
  14. Bureenok, S., T. Namihira, M. Tamaki, S. Mizumachi, Y. Kawamoto and T. Nakada. 2005. Fermentative quality of Guinea grass silage by using fermented juice of the epiphytic lactic acid bacteria (FJLB) as a silage additive. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 18:807-813. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2005.807
  15. Khan, M. A., M. Sarwar, M. Nisa, S. A. Bhatti, Z. Iqbal, W. S. Lee, H. J. Lee, H. S. Kim and K. S. Ki. 2006b. Feeding value of urea treated wheat straw ensiled with or without acidified molasses in Nili-Ravi buffaloes. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 19:645-650. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2006.645
  16. Sarwar, M. and M. U. Nisa. 1999. In situ digestion kinetics of Mott grass (Pennisetum purpuretum) on its chemical composition, dry matter intake, ruminal characteristics and digestibility in buffalo bulls. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 9:910-914.
  17. SAS (Statistical Analysis System). 1988. 'SAS user's guide: Statistics' (SAS Inst. Inc., Carry, NC).
  18. Bolsen, K. K., G. Ashbell and Z. G. Weinberg. 1996. Silage fermentation and silage additives: Review. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 9:483-489. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1996.483
  19. Khan, M. A., M. Sarwar, M. Nisa, Z. Iqbal, M. S. Khan, W. S. Lee, H. J. Lee and H. S. Kim. 2006a. Chemical composition, in situ digestion kinetics and feeding value of Oat grass (Avena sativa) ensiled with molasses for Nili-Ravi Buffaloes. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 19:1127-1133. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2006.1127
  20. Rooke, J. A. 1995. The effect of increasing the acidity of osmolarity of grass silage hay the addition free of partially neutralized lactic acid on silage intake by sheep and upon osmolarity and acid base balance. J. Anim. Sci. 61:285-293. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1357729800013825
  21. Sarwar, M. and Z. U. Hasan. 2001. Nutrient Metabolism in Ruminants. Friends Science Publishers, 399-B, Peoples colony # 1, Faisalabad, Pakistan. ISBN# 969-8490-03-5.
  22. Ruiz, T. M., W. K. Sanchez, C. R. Straples and L. E. Sollenberger. 1992. Comparison of "Mott" dwarf elephant grass silage and corn silage for lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 75:533-539. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(92)77790-X
  23. Khorasani, G. R., E. K. Okine, J. J. Kennelly and J. H. Helm. 1993. Effect of whole crop cereal grain silage substituted for alfalfa silage on performance of lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 76:3536-3542. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(93)77692-4
  24. Nisa, M., N. A. Touqir, M. Sarwar, M. A. Khan and M. Akhatar. 2005. Effect of additives and fermentation periods on chemical composition and in situ digestion kinetics of Mott grass (Pennisitum purpureum) silage. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 18:812-815. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2005.812
  25. Torotich, M. J. 1992. Minimizing the loss of ammonia during urea treatment of wheat straw for growing calves. M.Sc. Thesis, Haryana Agriculture University, Hissar, India.
  26. Waldo, D. R. and N. A. Jorgensen. 1981. Forages for high animal production: nutritional factors and effects of conservation. J. Dairy Sci. 64:1207-1224. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(81)82697-5
  27. Sarwar, M., M. A. Khan and M. Nisa. 2004. Influence of ruminally protected fat and urea treated corncobs ensiled with or without corn steep liquor on nutrient intake, digestibility, milk yield and its composition in Nili-Ravi buffaloes. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci.17:86-93. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2004.86
  28. Sarwar, M., M. Nisa, M. A. Khan and M. Mushtaque. 2006. Chemical composition, herbage yield, and nutritive value of Panicum antidotale and Pennisetum orientale for Nili buffaloes at different clipping intervals. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 19:176-184.
  29. Thomas, C. and P. C. Thomas. 1985. Factors affecting the nutritive value of grass silages. In: (Ed. W. Haresign and D. J. A. Cole). Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition. Butterworths, London. pp. 223-256.
  30. AOAC. 1990. Official Methods of Analysis (15th Ed.). Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Arlington, Virginia, USA.
  31. Tyrrell, H. F. and J. T. Reid. 1965. Prediction of the energy value of cow's milk. J. Dairy Sci. 48:1215-1223. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(65)88430-2
  32. Johnson, L., J. H. Harrison, C. Hunt, K. Shinners, C. G. Doggett and D. Sapienza. 1999. Nutritive Value of corn silage as affected by maturity and mechanical processing. J. Dairy Sci. 82:2813-2819. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(99)75540-2

Cited by

  1. Nutrients intake, digestibility, nitrogen balance and growth performance of sheep fed different silages with or without concentrate vol.43, pp.4, 2011, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-010-9765-1
  2. Improvement of whole crop rice silage nutritive value and rumen degradability by molasses and urea supplementation vol.45, pp.8, 2013, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-013-0433-0