Preparation of Graphite Oxide and its Electrochemical Double Layer Capacitor's Performances using Non-Aqueous Electrolyte (TEABF4 & TEMABF4)

산화흑연의 제조 및 전해질(TEABF4 & TEMABF4)에 따른 전기이중층 커패시터의 특성

  • Received : 2007.04.05
  • Accepted : 2007.05.15
  • Published : 2007.06.10


The oxidation treatment of needle cokes with 70 wt% of nitric acid and sodium chlorate ($NaClO_3$) was attempted to achieve an electrochemically active material with a large capacitance. The structure of needle cokes was changed to graphite oxide after oxidation treatment of needle cokes with acidic solution having the composition ratio, $NaClO_3$/needle cokes, of 7.5, and the inter-layer distance of the oxidized needle cokes was extended to $6.9{\AA}$with increasing oxygen content. On the other hand, the electrochemical performance of oxidized needle cokes as a polarized electrode for an Electric Double Layer Capacitor (EDLC) was examined with an electrolyte of 1.2 M $TEABF_4$ (tetraethylammonium tetrafluoroborate) and $TEABF_4$ (triethylmethylammonium tetrafluoroborate) in acetonitrile. The capacitor cell using 1.2 M $TEABF_4$/acetonitrile has exhibited smaller electric resistance of $0.05{\Omega}$, and larger capacitance per weight and volume of 32.0 F/g and 25.5 F/mL at the two-electrode system in the potential range 0~2.5 V than that of the capacitor cell using $TEABF_4$. The observed electrochemical performance was discussed with the correlation between the inter-layer distance in graphite oxide structure and the anionic size of electrolyte.


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