A case of idiopathic thrombocytopenia in a Yorkshire terrier dog

개 특발성 혈소판감소증 1례

  • Kim, So-La (Department of Veterinary Medicine, Cheju National University) ;
  • Cho, Chang-Seok (Kim min jae Animal hospital) ;
  • Kim, Min-Jae (Kim min jae Animal hospital) ;
  • Kang, Tae-Young (Department of Veterinary Medicine, Cheju National University) ;
  • Lee, Joo-Myoung (Department of Veterinary Medicine, Cheju National University) ;
  • Park, Hyun Jung (Department of Veterinary Medicine, Cheju National University) ;
  • Cheong, Jongtae (Department of Veterinary Medicine, Cheju National University) ;
  • Lee, Kyoung-kap (Department of Veterinary Medicine, Cheju National University) ;
  • Yun, Young-min (Department of Veterinary Medicine, Cheju National University)
  • Accepted : 2007.11.26
  • Published : 2007.12.30

Abstract

A 4-year-old spayed female, Yorkshire terrier dog with a history of petechial and ecchymotic hemorrhages on the face, trunk and hind limb was referred to Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, Cheju National University. The complete blood count revealed a marked thrombocytopenia ($96{\times}10^3/{\mu}l$). The biochemical profile showed only slightly increased glucose. The coagulation profile such as prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time, was within the reference range. In Giemsa staining, there were no endoparasites like as Babesia spp. on the RBC. This case was diagnosed as a idiopathic thrombocytopenia in a Yorkshire terrier dog. She was treated with prednisone (1 mg/kg BW, IM q 12 h) and cephalosporin (10 mg/kg BW, IM, q 12 h). When rechecked on day 6, the platelet was within reference range ($507{\times}10^3/{\mu}l$) and also petechial and ecchymotic hemorrhages on the body were gradually improved without any complications. The dose of prednisone was decreased to 0.5 mg/kg BW, q 24 h. On day 17, we finished treatment because all the clinical signs, blood and serum chemistry were reference range and platelet count was dramatically increased.

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