Suprathreshold Taste Intensities for Salt, Sucrose, Citric Acid, and Quinine HCl in Elderly Korean Women

한국인 여성에서 노화에 따른 초역치 미각강도의 변화

  • Yoon, Sang-Chul (Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Hur, Yun-Kyung (Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Choi, Jae-Kap (Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry Kyungpook National University)
  • 윤상철 (경북대학교 치과대학 구강내과학교실) ;
  • 허윤경 (경북대학교 치과대학 구강내과학교실) ;
  • 최재갑 (경북대학교 치과대학 구강내과학교실)
  • Published : 2007.12.30

Abstract

The aim of this study was to measure the suprathreshold taste intensity for NaCl, sucrose, citric acid, and quinine HCl in elderly Korean women using a whole-mouth, sip-and-spit procedure, employing the method of magnitude matching. The results were analysed in terms of aging, menopause, and salivary flow rate. 31 elderly women (mean age; $50.8{\pm}5.1$ years) and 30 young women (mean age; $25.1{\pm}1.71$ years) were included for the study. Subjects were instructed to give nonmodulus magnitude estimates to the intensities of five concentrations each of sucrose, NaCl, citric acid, and quinine HCl; distilled water; 6 loudness level of a 1,000-Hz tone, using the same 9-point intensity scale. Each of the 21 taste stimuli and 6 auditory stimuli are presented in random order twice. The auditory function is used to assess the absolute intensity function of the subject's taste system. The results were as follows; 1. Comparing to young women, elderly women showed decreased taste intensities for lower concentration solutions of NaCl and sucrose. However, other solutions didn't show any difference in taste intensities between young and elderly women. 2. There were not significant difference in perceived taste intensities for NaCl, sucrose, citric acid, and quinine HCl between menopause and pre-menopause women in elderly women group. 3. There were not significant difference in perceived taste intensities for NaCl, sucrose, and quinine HCl between low salivation women and high salivation women in elderly women group. 4. The low salivation women in elderly group showed higher taste intensity for low concentration citric acid than high salivation women.

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