The Isokinetic exercise and effects of combined exercises on the change of postural control, functional status in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee

등속성 운동과 복합 운동이 퇴행성 슬관절염 여성의 근기능, 균형능력, 기능적 능력 및 관절기능상태에 미치는 영향

  • Jo, Jean-Man (Dept. of Emergecy Medical Technology Daejon Health Sciences College) ;
  • Kim, Jin-Woo (Daejon Emergency Information Center)
  • 조진만 (대전보건대학 응급구조과) ;
  • 김진우 (대전응급의료정보센터)
  • Published : 2007.04.30

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of combined exercise on the change of postural control, functional status in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. Methods : The subjects were consisted of 24 women patients fifties and sixties with knee osteoarthritis. Each group had a exercise for 30 minutes per day and three times a week during 8 weeks period. Was used to measure muscular function(60, $180^{\circ}/sec$), postural control. functional capacity(15 M walking test, Rising form a chair test, stair climbing and descending test) and the functional state of a joint(WOMAC). Results: This study results in following 1. In case of muscular function have significantly increased in both groups. 2. There was no significant difference in the postural control of the bilateral between two groups. However, the postural control of a isokinetic exercise program group showed a significant difference in the bilateral side(overall, $M{\cdot}L$ stability index). Especially, the change of postural control in the isokinetic plus postural control exercise program group decreased more significantly in the bilateral(overall, $A{\cdot}P$ stability index). 3 It was significantly decreased in climbing and descending the stairs, and rising from the chair, although functional capacity decreased in lam walking in both groups. 4. The functional state of a joint(WOMAC) showed a significant decrease in both groups. Conclusion : In order to improve the functional status and postural control of patients with osteoarthritis of the knee, performing exercise programming of isokinetic plus balance will be more effective than the exercise program composed of only the isokinetic exercise program.