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Effects of Fucoidan on Neuronal Cell Proliferation: Association with NO Production through the iNOS Pathway

  • Lee, Hye-Rim (College of Pharmacy, Sungkyunkwan University) ;
  • Do, Hang (College of Pharmacy, Sungkyunkwan University) ;
  • Lee, Sung-Ryul (College of Pharmacy, Sungkyunkwan University) ;
  • Sohn, Eun-Soo (Information Analysis Center, KISTI) ;
  • Pyo, Suhk-Neung (College of Pharmacy, Sungkyunkwan University) ;
  • Son, Eun-Wha (Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Kangwon National University)
  • Published : 2007.06.30

Abstract

Fucoidan, that is high-molecular-weight sulfated polysaccharides extracted from brown seaweeds has been shown to elicit various biological activities. Here, we investigated the effects of fucoidan on cell proliferation and nitric oxide (NO) production in neuronal blastoma cell (SH-SY5Y). In the present study, we demonstrated that fucoidan treatment resulted in increase of cell proliferation and NO production. When cells were treated with amyloid-${\beta}$ (A${\beta}$) in the absence or presence of fucoidan, fucoidan recovered the cell viability decreased by A${\beta}$ peptides. To further determine whether nitric oxide synthase (NOS) is involved in proliferative effect of fucoidan, cells were treated with NOS inhibitors in the absence or presence of fucoidan. Selective constitutive nitric oxide synthase (cNOS) inhibitor, diphenylene iodonium chloride (DPI), caused a decrease of cell viability, whereas cell viability was increased by specific inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) inhibitor, S-methylisothiourea (SMT), in the fucoidan-untreated cells. Treatment with fucoidan inhibited the cell viability decreased in DPI-exposed cells. In contrast, fucoidan had no effect on cell growth in SMT-treated cells, indicating that cNOS may not play a role in the proliferation of fucoidan-treated cells. The present data suggest that fucoidan has proliferative and neuroprotective effects and these effects may be associated with iNOS.

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