DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Nutritional Quality of Dried Pig Placenta

  • Jang, Ae-Ra (Department of Food and Animal Biotechnology, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kim, Il-Joon (National Agricultural Co-operative Federation) ;
  • Lee, Moo-Ha (Department of Food and Animal Biotechnology, Seoul National University) ;
  • Jo, Cheo-Run (Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University)
  • Published : 2007.06.30

Abstract

Nutrients and hormone levels of dried pig placenta were studied. Placentas were freeze-dried (FD), oven-dried at 60 (OD-60), and 90$^{\circ}C$ (OD-90) and then crushed by a blender into small pieces. FD and OD-60 pig placenta had a higher moisture content than did OD-90, with no difference between FD and OD-60. There were no large differences in compositions of crude protein, crude fat, and crude ash of dried placenta among the treatments and the contents of K, Fe, and ${\alpha}$-tocopherol were highest in FD (p<0.05). Glutamine and glycine were the most abundant amino acids in all dried placenta and tyrosine was highly retained in FD placenta, compared with OD (p<0.05). Estradiol was the major sex hormone, followed by progesterone and testosterone in all dried placentas. Antibiotics including amoxicillin, sulfamethazine, tylosin, and chlorotetracyclin were not detected from the pig placentas tested. These results demonstrate that placenta is a good biomaterial with high nutritional quality, and that freeze drying is superior to oven drying for processing pig placenta.

References

  1. Kim HJ, Lee JW, Kim YI, Lee MH. 2003. The effect of placental extract on the expression of tyrosinase, TRP-1 and TRP-2 in SK30 melanoma cells. J Kor Derma Assoc 41: 1612-1618
  2. Togashi S, Takahashi N, Iwama M, Watanabe S, Tamagawa K, Fukui T. 2002. Antioxidative collagen-derived peptides in human-placenta extract. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol 48: 36-39 https://doi.org/10.3177/jnsv.48.36
  3. Bea IC, Kim JI, Lee M, Jang A. 2003. Study of economic usage of pig placenta. Report of Animal Livestock Institute. National Agricultural Co-operative Federation
  4. Maroulis Z, Saravacos GD. 2003. Food process design. Marcel Dekker Inc., New York. p 21-56
  5. Krokida MK, Philippopoulos C. 2006. Volatility of apples during air and freeze drying. J Food Eng 73: 135-141 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2005.01.012
  6. Karathanos VT, Anglea SA, Karel M. 1996a. Structure collapse of plant materials during freeze drying. J Thermal Anal 46: 1541-1551 https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01992839
  7. Karathanos VT, Maroulis ZB, Marinos-Kouris D, Saravacos GD. 1996b. Hygrothemal and quality properties applicable to drying. Data sources and measurement techniques. Drying Tech 14: 1403-1418 https://doi.org/10.1080/07373939608917153
  8. AOAC. 1995. Official Methods of Analysis. 16th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC
  9. Gonzalez-Castro MJ, Lopez-Hernandez J, Simal-Lozano J, Oruna-Concha MJ. 1997. Determination of amino acids in green beans by derivatization with phenylisothiocianate and high performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection. J Chrom Sci 35: 181-185 https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/35.4.181
  10. Penke B, Ferenczi R, Kovacs K. 1974. A new acid hydrolysis method for determining tryptophan in peptides and proteins. Anal Biochem 60: 45-52 https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-2697(74)90129-8
  11. Han SB, Choi EH, Chung HW, Park HK, Hong JH, Kim DS, Kang KJ, Park JS, Lee EJ, Lee JS, Song KH, Kim HY. 2001. Analysis of mineral contents of edible medicinal plants in Korea. Food Sci Biotechol 10: 225-230
  12. Elmastas M, Turkekul I, Ozturk L, Gulcin I, Isildak O, Aboul-Enein HY. 2006. Antioxidant activity of two wild edible mushrooms (Morchella vulgaris and Morchella esculanta) from North Turkey. Comb Chem High Through-put Screen 9: 443-448 https://doi.org/10.2174/138620706777698544
  13. Kwon KB, Lim YK, Choi MJ, Ahn RS. 1989. Spon-taneous maturation of follicullar oocytes in Rana dybowskii in vitro: seasonal influence, progestrone production and involvement of cAMP. J Exp Zool 252: 190-199 https://doi.org/10.1002/jez.1402520211
  14. Della Rocca G, Zaghini A, Zanoni R, Sanguinetti V, Zanchetta S, Di Salvo A, Malvisi J. 2004. Seabream (Sparus aurata L.): disposition of amoxicillin after single intravenous or oral administration and multiple dose depletion studies. Aquac 232: 1-10 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0044-8486(03)00452-6
  15. SAS Institute Inc. 2004. SAS/STAT User's Guide: Version 9.1.2. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA
  16. Phuapradit W, Chanrachakul B, Thuvasethakul P, Leelaphiwat S, Sassanarakkit S, Chanworachaikul S. 2000. Nutrients and hormones in heat-dried human placenta. J Med Assoc Thai 83: 690-694
  17. Brody T. 1994. Nutritional Biochemistry. Academic Press, London, UK. p 38-72
  18. Kim IH, Kang DH, Kim CS, Seok HB. 1998. Evaluation of manganese ion on controlling harmful microorganisms in vitro and in vivo for the early-weaned pig. Asian-Aust J Anim Sci 11: 8-12
  19. Morel PCH, McIntosh JC, Janz JAM. 2006. Alteration of the fatty acid profile of pork by dietary manipulation. Asian-Aust J Anim Sci 19: 431-437 https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2006.431
  20. Marshall WE. 1994. Amino acids, peptides, and proteins. In Functional Foods. Goldberg I, ed. Chapman & Hall, New York. p 242-260
  21. Korhonen H, Pihlanto-Leppala A, Rantamaki P, Tupasela T. 1998. Impact of processing on bioactive proteins and peptides. Trends Food Sci Tech 9: 307-319 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0924-2244(98)00054-5
  22. Guo MR, Flynn A, Fox PF. 1999. Heat-induced changes in the nutritional properties of sodium caseinate. Int Dairy J 9: 243-247 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0958-6946(99)00069-2
  23. Riggs BL, Khosla S, Melton LJ 3rd. 1998. A unitary model for involutional osteoporosis: estrogen deficiency causes both type I and type II osteoporosis in postmenopausal women and contributes to bone loss in aging men. J Bone Miner Res 13: 763-773 https://doi.org/10.1359/jbmr.1998.13.5.763
  24. Riggs BL, Khosla S, Melton LJ 3rd. 2002. Sex steroids and the construction and conservation of the adult skeleton. Endocr Rev 23: 279-302 https://doi.org/10.1210/er.23.3.279
  25. Amin S, Zhang Y, Felson DT, Sawin CT, Hannan MT, Wilson PWF, Kiel DP. 2006. Estradiol, testosterone, and the risk for hip fractures in elderly men from the framingham study. Am J Med 119: 426-433 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjmed.2005.10.048
  26. Amonsin A, Saitanu K, Teeverapanya S. 1996. Anti-biotics residues in raw milk in Thailand. Asian-Aust J Anim Sci 9: 27-30 https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1996.27

Cited by

  1. Food Supplement 20070721-GX May Increase CD34+Stem Cells and Telomerase Activity vol.2012, 2012, https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/498051
  2. Effects of Freeze Dried Placenta Supplementation in Pregnant Sows on Reproductive Performance, Colostrum Biochemical Composition and Piglet Growth Rate vol.52, pp.1, 2018, https://doi.org/10.14397/jals.2018.52.1.53