Separation of Ferrous Materials from Municipal Solid waste Incineration Bottom Ash

생활폐기물(生活廢棄物) 소각(燒却) 바닥재의 자력선별(磁力選別)에 따른 ferrous material의 분리(分離) 특성(特性)

  • Um, Nam-Il (Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources) ;
  • Han, Gi-Chun (Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources) ;
  • You, Kwang-Suk (Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources) ;
  • Cho, Hee-Chan (Seoul National University) ;
  • Ahn, Ji-Whan (Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources)
  • Published : 2007.06.27

Abstract

The bottom ash of municipal solid waste incineration generated during incineration of municipal solid waste in metropolitan area consists of ceramics, glasses, ferrous materials, combustible materials and food waste and so on. Although the ferrous material was separated by the magnetic separation before the incineration process, of which content accounts for about $3{\sim}11%$ in bottom ash. The formation of a $Fe_3O_4-Fe_2O_3$ double layer(similar to pure Fe) on the iron surface was found during air-annealing in the incinerator at $1000^{\circ}C$. A strong thermal shock, such as that takes place during water-cooling of bottom ash, leads to the breakdown of this oxidation layer, facilitating the degradation of ferrous metals and the formation of corrosion products and it existed as $Fe_2O_3,\;Fe_3O_4\;and\;FeS_2$. So, many problems could occur in the use of bottom ash as an aggregate substitutes in construction field. Therefore, in this study, the separation of ferrous materials from municipal solid waste incineration bottom ash was investigated. In the result, the ferrous product(such as $Fe_2O_3,\;Fe_3O_4,\;FeS_2$ and iron) by magnetic separator at 3800 gauss per total bottom ash(w/w.%) accounted for about 18.7%, and 87.7% of the ferrous product was in the size over 1.18 mm. Also the iron per total bottom ash accounted for about 3.8% and the majority of it was in the size over 1.18 mm.

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