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Effects of Feeding Rye Silage on Growth Performance, Blood, and Carcass Characteristics in Finishing Pigs

호맥 사일리지의 급여가 비육돈의 생산성, 혈액성상 및 도체특성에 미치는 효과

  • Cho, Jin-Ho (Department of Animal Resource & Sciences, Dankook University) ;
  • Han, Young-Keun (Department of Food Science & Biotechnology, Sungkyunkwan University) ;
  • Chen, Ying-Jie (Department of Animal Resource & Sciences, Dankook University) ;
  • Yoo, Jong-Sang (Department of Animal Resource & Sciences, Dankook University) ;
  • Kim, Jung-Woo (Department of Animal Resource & Sciences, Dankook University) ;
  • Kim, In-Ho (Department of Animal Resource & Sciences, Dankook University)
  • 조진호 (단국대학교 동물자원과학과) ;
  • 한영근 (성균관대학교 식품.생명공학과) ;
  • 진영걸 (단국대학교 동물자원과학과) ;
  • 유종상 (단국대학교 동물자원과학과) ;
  • 김정우 (단국대학교 동물자원과학과) ;
  • 김인호 (단국대학교 동물자원과학과)
  • Published : 2007.06.30

Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of feeding rye silage on growth performance, blood and carcass characteristics in finishing pigs. The total of eighteen($Landrace{\times}Yorkshire{\times}Duroc$) pigs($74.22{\pm}0.71kg$) were used for 49-day assay. Dietary treatments included 1) CON(basal diet), 2) S1(1.66% rye silage) and 3) S2(3.32% rye silage). In growth performance, from 4 to 7 weeks, average daily feed intake(ADFI) in pigs fed CON diet was higher than pigs fed S1 and S2 diets. Through the entire experimental period($0{\sim}7$ weeks), a ADFI in CON and S2 treatments was higher than S1 treatment (p<0.05). Serum cortisol concentration of pigs fed rye silage decreased significantly compared to pigs fed basal diet (p<0.05). The Hunter's $L^*$(lightness) value of loin in the pigs fed S2 diet was higher than that of loin in the pigs fed CON diet(p<0.05). The $b^*$(yellowness) value of loin in the pigs fed S1 and S2 diets were higher than CON treatment(p<0.05). Backfat thickness in CON treatment increased significantly compared to S1 and S2 treatments(p<0.05). Among fatty acid contents of lean meat, the contents of palmitic and stearic acids were significantly higher in CON than others(p<0.05), where as eicosenoic and linolenic acids were the highest in S2 treatment among treatments(p<0.05). Total SFA(saturated fatty acid) was the highest in CON(p<0.05) and S1 and S2 treatments were higher USFA/SFA(unsaturated fatty acid/saturated fatty acid) ratio than CON treatment. In fats, linolenic acid was higher in S2 treatment than those of S1 and CON treatments(p<0.05). Digestibility of dry matter in pigs fed S1 and S2 diets was greater than that of pigs fed CON diet(p<0.05) and S1 treatment was higher than others on digestibility of nitrogen(p<0.05). VFA(volatile fatty acid) emission from focal, measured after 1 day, increased significantly in pigs fed S1 and S2 diets(p<0.05). In conclusions, our results showed that feeding rye silage might be beneficial in decrease of cortisol concentration, hunter's $L^*$(lightness) value and $b^*$(yellowness), fatty acid contents, and nutrient digestibility. However, there should be more study on the relationship between feeding rye silagr and finishing pigs.

본 연구는 조사료인 호맥 사일리지를 배합사료와 혼합급여 시 비육돈의 성장, 혈액성상 및 도체특성에 미치는 영향을 알아보기 위해 시험을 실시하였다. 3원 교잡종($Landrace{\times}Yorkshire{\times}Duroc$) 비육돈 18두를 공시하였으며 시험개시시 평균체중은 $74.22{\pm}0.71kg$이었고 28일간 개체별 사양시험을 실시하였다. 시험설계는 호맥 사일리지 첨가에 따라 1) Con(basal diet), 2) S1(basal diet+1.66% rye silage), 3) S2(basal diet+3.32% rye silage)로 3처리로 하여 처리당 6반복, 반복당 1마리씩 $1.8{\times}1.8m$ 크기의 돈방에 개별 수용하였다. 생산성에서 $4{\sim}7$주 동안 일당사료 섭취량에서는 CON구가 S1구와 S2구와 비교하여 유의적으로 높게 나타났다(p<0.05). 전체 사양시험기간 동안($0{\sim}7$주) 일당사료섭취량에서는 CON구와 S2구가 S1구와 비교하여 유의적으로 높게 나타났다(p<0.05). 혈중 스트레스 관련 호르몬인 코티졸 함량의 변화는 대조구와 비교하여 호맥 사일리지를 급여한 S1구와 S2구에서 유의적으로 감소하였다(p<0.05). 육색에서 명도를 나타내는 $L^*$값은 S2구가 CON구와 비교하여 유의적으로 높게 나타났고(p<0.05) 황색도를 나타내는 $b^*$값은 S1구와 S2구가 CON구와 비교하여 높게 나타났다(p<0.05). 도체 등지방 두께는 CON구가 S1구와 S2구와 비교하여 유의적으로 높게 증가하였다(p<0.05). 살코기 내 지방산 조성에서는 포화지방산 중 palmitic acid와 stearic acid의 함량은 CON구가 S1구와 S2구와 비교하여 유의적으로 높은 함량을 나타내었다(p<0.05). 불포화 지방산에서는 eicosenoic acid와 linolenic acid의 함량이 S2구가 CON구와 S1구와 비교하여 유의적으로 높았다(p<0.05). 총 포화지방산 함량은 CON구가 다른 처리구와 비교하여 가장 높았으며(p<0.05) 포화지방산과 불포화지방산 비율에서는 S1구와 S2구가 CON구와 비교하여 유의적으로 높은 결과를 보였다(p<0.05). 지방 내 지방산 조성에서는 불포화지방산 중 linolenic acid의 함량은 S2구가 S1구와 CON구와 비교하여 유의적으로 높았다(p<0.05). 건물 소화율에서는 S1구와 S2구가 CON구와 비교하여 유의적으로 높게 나타났고(p<0.05) 질소 소화율에서는 S1구가 처리구중에서 가장 높은 결과를 보였다(p<0.05). 분변 내 휘발성 지방산 발생량에서는 분을 1일간 발효 후 측정한 결과 S1구와 S2구가 CON구와 비교하여 유의적으로 높게 나타났다(p<0.05). 결론적으로, 비육돈 사료 내 3.32%의 호맥 사일리지의 혼합급여는 혈액 내 코티졸 함량, 도체육의 명도와 황색도, 지방산 조성 및 영양소 소화율에 영향을 미치는 것으로 사료되나 이에 대한 보다 많은 연구가 필요할 것으로 판단된다.

Keywords

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