Comparisons on Motivation for Health Behavior, Health Behaviors Practices, and Activities of Daily Living between Institutionalized and Non-institutionalized Elderly Women

시설 여성 노인과 재가 여성 노인의 건강행위 동기요소, 건강행위 및 일상생활활동 비교

  • Son, Jung Tae (Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Catholic) ;
  • Suh, Soon Rim (College of Nursing, Kyungpook National University)
  • 손정태 (대구가톨릭대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 서순림 (경북대학교 간호대학)
  • Received : 2007.01.27
  • Accepted : 2007.07.04
  • Published : 2007.08.30

Abstract

Purpose: The purposes of this study were to compare the motivation for health behavior, health behaviors practices, and ADL of institutionalized elderly women with those of non-institutionalized elderly women. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive survey was conducted in convenience samples of 144 aged women(80 institutionalized and 64 non-institutionalized) using structured questionnaires. Descriptive statistics, $x^2$-test, and ANCOVA were used for data analysis with SPSS program. Results: The institutionalized elderly reported significantly higher motivation than the non-institutionalized elderly. In subcategories of motivation, self-efficacy of the institutionalized elderly was significantly lower than that of the non-institutionalized elderly. The non-institutionalized elderly reported significantly lower perceived benefits and significantly higher perceived barriers than institutionalized elderly. The institutionalized elderly reported significantly lower health behaviors in exercise and nutrition than the non-institutionalized elderly. Among health behaviors of the non-institutionalized elderly women, stress management marked the lowest score. Conclusion: To enhance motivation of institutionalized elderly women, interventions for building self-efficacy are needed. To promote the health behavior of the non-institutionalized elderly, stress management programs are needed. All elderly women need exercise.