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Thermal Formation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons from Cyclopentadiene (CPD)

Kim, Do-Hyong;Kim, Jeong-Kwon;Jang, Seong-Ho;Mulholland, James A.;Ryu, Jae-Yong

  • Published : 2007.12.31

Abstract

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon growth from cyclopentadiene (CPD) pyrolysis was investigated using a laminar flow reactor operating in a temperature range of 600 to $950^{\circ}c$. Major products from CPD pyrolysis are benzene, indene and naphthalene. Formation of observed products from CPD is explained as follows. Addition of the cyclopentadienyl radical to a CPD $\pi$-bond produces a resonance-stabilized radical, which further reacts by one of three unimolecular channels: intramolecular addition, C-H bond $\beta$-scission, or C-C bond $\beta$-scission. The intramolecular addition pathway produces a 7-norbornenyl radical, which then decomposes to indene. Decomposition by C-H bond $\beta$-scission produces a biaryl intermediate, which then undergoes a ring fusion sequence that has been proposed for dihydrofulvalene-to-naphthalene conversion. In this study, we propose C-C bond $\beta$-scission pathway as an alternative reaction channel to naphthalene from CPD. As preliminary computational analysis, Parametric Method 3 (PM3) molecular calculation suggests that intramolecular addition to form indene is favored at low temperatures and C-C bond $\beta$-scission leading to naphthalene is predominant at high temperatures.

Keywords

PAH (Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon);CPD (Cyclopentadiene);Thermal formation

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